Showing posts sorted by relevance for query Nagasaki. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query Nagasaki. Sort by date Show all posts

3/13/2015

Kappa Ishi stones

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- KAPPA - 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - Legends -
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- Kappa ishi 河童石 Kappa stone
Kappa iwa かっぱ岩 / 河童岩 Kappa boulder, Kappa rock
Kawadoo ishi 川童石 Kappa stone (river child stone) -


- - - - - There are various Kappa stones in Japan.
Akita
Fukushima
Miyazaki
Nagano
Nagasaki
Yamanashi

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. Akita 秋田県 .

Daisen town 大仙市 (near Yokote)

At the river pool near the bridge of Osanai village 土川心像の生内 there is a 河童石 stone where the Kappa likes to sit, with a dent in the stone.
In summer when the water gets less, the seat is quite visible and then gets forgotten.
Once in August there was a very strong rain and storm and the river pool was well flooded that even the top of the stone was hardly to be seen.
An old man 84 years of age living nearby remembered:
"Yes, it is like they say, the stone will be under water every 60 years."

Anyway, once upon a time
the home of 五郎右工門 Gorozaemon of the village kept horses and cared well for them. They even kept two very vigorous stallions, riding to the river pool morning and evening to wash them. Then one day in summer when they wanted to go back home one went wild with fear and gallopped into the horse barn. When the farmer looked, he saw that a Kappa was hanging onto the tail of the horse. They tried to get hold of the Kappa and catch him. The Kappa jumped into the fodder box and hid there.
But in the end with all the neighbours helping they got hold of the Kappa. His plate on the head had been almost dry and his power was gone.
He made the farmers understand with his best body language that he would not do any harm any more and they should let him go. So they did.
From that day on there had never been a drowning accident of children at this river pool.

- source : namahage.is.akita-u.ac.jp/monogatari

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Kawadoo ishi, Kawado-ishi 川童石 Kappa Stone (river child stone)

能代市 Noshiro town

Kawadoo 川童 Kawado, short for Kawa warawa かわわらわ, also Kawaero カワエロ (in Gifu), a local dialect for the Kappa.

Tanegawa no fuchi 種川の渕 Tanegawa River Pool

Once upon a time
there was a very rich farmer, 甚吉 Jinkichi, near the Tanegawa river who kept 40 horses.
One day after washing the horses at the Tanegawa river pool and trying to get them into the stable, the horses did not want to do what they did every day. When Jinkichi and his men looked closer, he saw a young Kappa crouching in a corner.
"Let's get him!" they shouted.
Then they told him all his misdeeds:
"You took the child of xyz, you killed the daughter of yxz, you also killed the horse of zyx . . . " and the Kappe admitted each one very docile and meek.
"And today you tried to pull a horse into the river, clinging to its tail, did you not?!"
But after all was said and made clear, the Kappa promised never to do any harm again to humans or animals and then they let him to.

The stone where he went back into the river is now called Kawado-ishi.

- source : namahage.is.akita-u.ac.jp/monogatari


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Fukushima 福島県

大沼郡 Onuma Gun 金山町 Kanayamamachi

At the river Nojirigawa 野尻川 there was a Kappa stone.
At the river pool called Araifuchi 洗い淵 people come to wash the horses.
Then some day a Kappa hang on to the tail of a horse.
The farmers made him promise to never come higher than the stone at the side of the bridge and he signed a contract about this. Then he could go.
But eventually this stone was washed away during a flooding.
The contract which was written with the blood from the Kappa biting off his finger had been kept in the Kannon hall 観音様のお堂, but this was also lost.


Nowadays there is a hot spring with a Kappa legend:
金山町 玉梨温泉のかっぱの湯 Kappa no Yu



About 1700 years ago, the villagers had been in distress from the malicious deeds of a Kappa.
A mendicant monk passed the village and tried to help them. He engraved ritual Sanskrit letters on a large stone 大石に梵語 to ward off the Kappa.

At this hot spring hotel, the story has become the origin of it's name
Kappa Hot Spring かっぱの湯.
- source : www5c.biglobe.ne.jp/~angel-hi

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. 親河童の石、子河童の石 stone of Father and Son Kappa..
石川郡 Ishikawa gun 平田村 Hirata village

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Miyazaki 宮崎県

. Kappa Iwa 河童岩 The Kappa Rock .


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Nagano 長野県   

東筑摩郡 Higashi Chikuma gun 生坂村 Ikusaka village

Once a Kappa jumped from the かっぱ岩 Kappa boulder to grab a horse the villagers were washing, but he got caught himself.
The Kappa pleaded to let him go free and he would grant them one wish.
So the landlord said: 朱塗りの膳 "Bring me 20 food trays in red laquer, then I will pardon you.!
The next morning, the trays were delivered and the Kappa got free.


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Nagasaki 長崎県 

. Kappa Jizoo かっぱ地蔵 / 河童地蔵 Kappa and Jizo Bosatsu in Nagasaki .

Nagasaki Suijin-Sha 水神社 Shrine of the Water Deity
Suijin Jinja 水神神社
One of the five great shrines in Nagasaki.
本河内水源池 - at 長崎市本河内町

. - suijin 水神 water deity -
God of Water, Mizu no Kamisama 水の神様 .


donku ishi どんく石 Kappa Stone


The Kappa stone for the deity Kawatachi Kami 川立神(かわたちかみ)

Once upon a time
people depended on rain water in their daily life. During a drought, plants and animals withered and humans had to perform rain rituals (amagoi) to get help.
In the Suijin shrine in our village the Shinto priest planted a stone and used the color of the moss to divine when the rain would come 苔の色で降雨.

The river 中島川 Nakashimagawa, which is a long river in Nagasaki prefecture, was a very clean river with clear drinkable water and people relied on it for all things at home and in the fields..
Then more homes where build, more people came to live here and the water became dirty. Even the Kappa, which lived upstream, could not live in the filthy water any more.
So they sometimes stormed into the human habitats and devastated the crops and things.

Since olden times the shrine had pleaded with the authorities to take care and keep the water clean. Every year on an auspicious day in May the priest invited the Kappa, gave them food and drink and entertained them like special guests - this is a special event even now 珍しい行事.
The priests caring for the temple have all been from the 渋江家 Shibue family since generations.
Some say they descend from the line of King 栗隈王 / 栗前王(くりくまのおおきみ) Kurikuma no Okimi (? - 676) .

The inner sanctuary of the shrine was cut off with sacred ropes and only the Kappa were allowed to come in there and enjoy themselves with food and drink. Some say the Shinto priests were able to see the Kappa having their feast.
The Kappa shouted with joy - kii kii - and the sound of the plates on their head was to be heard outside.
During this feast, they had to prepare a dish with bamboo shoots at any cost, with bamboo picked by the priest and only the most soft and juicy pieces offered to the kappa.
The old dry parts of the bamboo were cut into rings 竹の子の輪切り and offered to look at.

One priest had once heard the Kappa complain:
"Oh dear, these humans must have strong and hard teeth to chew the hard parts of bamboo!"

But anyway, the Kappa have since then stopped to do malicious deeds in the village.
And every time on the night before there are special visitors to the shrine or during a shrine festival, the priests places a letter on the Kappa stone, asking the Kappa to bring food 河童の献立:
"Dear Kappa san, tomorrow is a special day and we need to prepare a feast.
Please bring this and that vegetable and fish, please!"
And indeed,
next morning the food was presented on the stone - the Kappa had done well.

- reference -



. A story from Nagasaki, Nakashimagawa river
長崎市桜馬場町の中島川 and Maruyama Koen Park 丸川公園 .


. Nakashimagawa Matsuri 中島川まつり Nakashimagawa Festival   .
- beginning of May


. Nagasaki - Kappa stories of this BLOG .

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Yamanashi 山梨県

韮崎市 Nirasaki shi 藤井町 Fujiicho

A Kappa came every night to the outhouse of a farmhouse and reached out (for the shirikodama anus treasure). So the farmer one night cut off the hand.
The Kappa came back and got his hand back in exchange for medicine to heal wounds.
There is a Kappa stone related to this story.

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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kappaishi #kappastone #kappaiwa -
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4/14/2015

Kappa Legends Kyushu

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- KAPPA 河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - Legends -
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- Kappa Legends from Kyushu  河童伝説 - 九州
Kyushu folk tales about the Kappa


- KAPPA 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - Legends -
- Introduction -


CLICK for more photos from Kappa in Kyushu.

Fukuoka / Kagoshima / Kumamoto / Miyazaki / Nagasaki / Oita / Saga

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....................................................................... Fukuoka  福岡県 

九千坊河童 Kyusenbo kappa - Kusenbo Kappa, a warrior clan coming all the way from China to Kyushu to become a deity in
. - Tanushimaru 田主丸 - Fukuoka 福岡県 - .

Chikugo 筑後 and Kurume 久留米 / うきは市吉井町 Ukiha

. Chikugo no kuni 筑後国 Chikugo Province .
and Kappa Legends

. Sumo with 大つか庄右衛門 Otsuka Shoemon .

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. Kappa Jizoo かっぱ地蔵 Kappa and Jizo Bosatsu .
legend from Fukuoka 福岡の若松の高塔山

. Bamboo shoots - takenoko bamboo shoot legends - 筍 / 竹の子 伝説 .
and Kappa

. Kappa as 川の神 the Deity of the River. .
久留米市 Kurume city 荒木町 Arakicho

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Yamano no Gaku 山野の楽 "Ritual Music from Yamano"
“河童祭り”a very special Kappa Matsuri at the shrine
in the local dialect : Yamanongaku 山野ん楽
山野若八幡神社 Yamano Waka Hachiman Jinja, Yamanowakahachiman

嘉麻市 山野地区 Kama town Yamano hamlet 

- quote -
Yamano no Gaku is a festival which is held every year on September 23 at Yamano Wakahachiman Shrine.
Emperor Ojin was deified as Hachiman-jin (the tutelary god of warriors), and is said to be enshrined in all the sites dedicated to him. In the year 1244 (Kangen 2), in order to share the tutelary deity of the 宇佐八幡宮 Usahachiman Shrine in Oita Prefecture, the tutelary god of warriors was also enshrined in the Yamano Wakahachiman Shrine. This is the beginning of the Yamano no Gaku Festival.



During this festival, which has a history of more than 750 years, the shrine parishioners pray for the well-being of their families as well as a bumper harvest. Visitors to this festival will also be able to see the Gaku Uchi. The Gaku Uchi is a drum dance performed in order to ward off disasters. There are 2 versions of the Gaku Uchi. The Fue Gaku is a performance with flutes in order to pray to the repose of souls. The Uta Gaku is a traditional Japanese prayer song. The performers of the dance are referred to as Gaku Kata. The costumes of the Gaku Kata make the performers look like Kappa, a mythical water-dwelling creature.
Hence, this festival is also known as the Kappa Festival.
- source : www.crossroadfukuoka.jp


河童楽 Kappa Gaku, see below

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....................................................................... Kagoshima  鹿児島県 

. Garappa ガラッパ Garappa Don ガラッパドン .

. Gataro ガタロ Kappa and the Gion crest 祇園さん .

. Kapa and Suijin Sama 水神様, the Water Deity .

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Once upon a time there lives a huge serpent in the pond near the mountain.
She came down to the village to get a girl age 18 every year. But the villagers finally talked her into accepting 18 mochi 餅 rice cakes instead, which they threw into the pond.
This is the origin of offering mochi in the local Shinto shrine, they say.
Other versions say it was a Kappa in the pond.


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....................................................................... Kumamoto 熊本県 


. Kapa and Suijin Sama 水神様, the Water Deity .

. Hidari Jingoro 左甚五郎 master carpenter .
- and the origin of Kappa eating shirikodama.

球磨郡 Kuma district
. yama no mono ヤマンモン,kawa n hito カワンヒト 河童 Kappa .

六郷村 Rokugomura Village
. The Kappa from 龍ヶ淵 Dragon Riverside .

Yatsushiro region 八代地方 Kumamoto
. Hikoichi 彦一 Hiko-Ichi Sumo Legends . *
彦一と河童の相撲 - ガラッパ Hiko-Ichi and the Kappa (Garappa) doing Sumo
彦一と河童と殿様
河童とすみくらんぼ

. kane 鉄漿 black color for teeth, Ohaguro .

. Kappa as Uminokami 海の神 God of the Sea .

. sekiri 赤痢 making a medicine for bloody diarrhea .

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廻りサカマの河童伝説 from Kumamoto  熊本県

- source : www.pu-kumamoto.ac.jp ー team KUMAGATARI 



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....................................................................... Miyazaki  宮崎県 

. Kappa Legends from Miyazaki  河童伝説 - 宮崎県 .

. Kapa and Suijin Sama 水神様, the Water Deity .



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....................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県 

. Gaappa ガーッパ The Kappa of Nagasaki 長崎県 - Legends .

. Gaappa ガーッパ Kappa and Sake .
西海市 Saikai city, 西彼町 Seihi town


. Kappa Jizoo かっぱ地蔵 / 河童地蔵 Kappa and Jizo Bosatsu in Nagasaki .

. Fishing for Abalone in Fukue 福江市とあわび  .

. donku ishi どんく石 Kappa Stone and more .



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....................................................................... Oita 大分県 

三隈川(筑後川)River Mikumagawa (Chikugogawa)

In former times Kappa were believed to bring harm to the crops of the fields near the river. So in Summer cucumbers and aubergines, prefered food of the Kappa, were consecrated at the local shrine and then floated in the river with the prayer to protect the crops.

People who were bewitched by the Kappa and had lost their good sense had to sleep in a room with a window toward the river and not use the exit on the road where a Kappa might walk along. When emptying a bucket of water outside, you had to make a loud call to the Kappa first and ask for his permisison.
Women had to behave near the river, lest the Kappa might want to seduce them. Women and girls were also not permitted to go to the river at night and expose their body in the water, because they could get pregnant that way and give birth to a Kappa Baby.

Here is one story of a boy who got bewitched by the Kappa:

Shookichi Kappa 正吉河童 Shokichi Kappa
from Bungo, Oita



Once upon a time
in the village of 日田郡竹田村 Hita Takeda there lived a 12 year old boy named Shokichi. His father was a strong sumo wrestler and Shokichi, still a child, was practicing hard too.

Then one day Shokichi was swimming in the nearby river when someone began to play sumo tricks on him. Shokichi dove down into the water and got hold of something, giving it a good punishment and then went home.

In that night when all were asleep, Shokichi woke up and felt the urge to take a bath. So he went to the river. And surprize - many children came out of the river and challenged him for a bout of sumo wrestling. Shokichi soon realized that this were the local Kappa and begun to wrestle with them.
Soon he had won against two of them. But then more than ten begun to attack him at once. and Shokichi, eager to win, wrestled with all his might.

Back home his father woke up and realized that his son was gone, so he went to the river too. He saw Shokichi on the river bank moving back and forth in a strange manner, as if he was crazy. So his father carried him home by force.

From that time on Shokichi had lost all his good senses and seemed only to wrestle with invisible adversaries. His father realized that he was bewitched and possesed by a Kappa.
Then a priest who knew about the curses of Kappa placed a sword 脇差 by the famous sword maker
郷義弘 Go no Yoshihiro beside the boy.
Shokichi begun to tremble and hid under the bed covers. When they tried to sharpen the sword, Shokichi begun to run wild again.
In the end they called a special mountain priest 修験者 to do some exorcism and the boy was finally healed.

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Saiki 佐伯市

Kappa are seen often, from the river entry into the see up to the mountains. But most often between 宮野浦 Miyanoura and 色利浦 Irori-ura.
Other locations are かんじんの森 Kanjin no Mori,
the back of the main hall of temple 大願寺 Hongan-Ji,
橋の欄干 the railing of a bridge.

An old saying knows
河童に取り憑かれるから酒を飲んで返るな

Be careful of a Kappa when drunk, you might be swindled out of something.


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Buzen 豊前

At the shrine Kumo Hachimangu there is an old ritual and festival called
Kappa Gaku 河童楽 "Music for the Kappa",
also called Kappa Matsuri 河童まつり.

With Kappa in the middle people walk around him with great hand fans 唐団扇 and fan him to appease the wild soul of the Kappa. After that through the 神通力 super-naural power of the Kappa the village will live in peace for another year. This festival dated back at least to the middle of the Edo period and is now the main summer festival of the shrine.

Chikugo is the origin of this kind of Kappa Gaku, which is now an important intangible folk culture asset in Oita 大分県無形民俗文化財.



Kumo Hachimangu, Kumohachimangu, Kumohachiman 雲八幡宮
363 Yabakeimachi Oaza Miyazono, Nakatsu, Oita / 中津市耶馬溪町

- quote -
Kumohachiman Shrine
located at Yabakei Town in Nakatsu City, Oita Pref. enshrines Kumo no Yahata no Okami and Myoken Okami. In the precinct stand a huge cedar tree, which is called “sennen Sugi (The 1000-year-old cedar).
The origin of the shrine dates back to the 3rd century, when legendary Empress Jingu, who was on her way back from the Korean invasion, took a rest on a huge stone at the foot of a mountain. Since then miraculous events including a white cloud rising up out of it had happened around this stone. In 703, a lot more clouds suddenly rose up from the stone and the light like arrows of lightening flashed and it took the shape of a small child-like god, which then disappeared. Having the feeling of awe at this miracle, the village people built a small purple shrine beside the stone and worshipped it respectfully. This is the origin of Kumohachiman Shrine and the Kumoishi Stone.
The main building was relocated to the present place by Masataka Kiyohara (the lord of the province) later in 983.
The shrine is famous for “Kappa Festival,” or formally named “Miyazonogaku, Miyazono Gaku 宮園楽 ,” in which traditional music is played to dedicate to the gods.
The legend has it that Heike refugees, who had been defeated in the battle with Genji clan, transformed into a Kappa and brought harm to people, so the villagers began to play music to appease their spirits.
- source : nippon-kichi.jp




耶馬溪河童太鼓 - the Kappa Drummers of the festival




Before the festival, ritual cleansing. The great fans with the Kappa face are on the right.

- More photos about the Kappa Festival - かっぱ楽(宮園楽)
- source : kumohachiman.j-air.net/omaturi



buji sugiru 無事杉る守 branches of the cedar tree, an amulet to pass through difficulties in life
a pun with sugi 杉 the cedar tree and sugiru 過ぎる to pass



taorezu kappa omamori 倒れず勝破 お守
an amulet to win against the misfortunes of life, another pun with the kanji characters 勝破.
This is a three-dimensional amulet.

More amulets here:
- - - - - HP of the shrine
- source : kumohachiman.j-air.net

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buji sugiru - 無事杉る
an amulet to ward off evil influence 魔除けのお守り


Also sold at other shrines in Japan, for example the 廣田神社 Hirota Shrine in Aomori.
Aomori 青森市長島2丁目13-5


source : ameblo.jp/takimotoyumi

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. Kitchomu, Kicchomu 吉四六 - Hirota Kichiemon 廣田吉右衛門 .
(? - 1715) - Kitchomu is a hero in many parts of Southern Oita.



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....................................................................... Saga 佐賀県 

. Genta and the Kappa 源太様 と河童 .
龍石の伝説
and
Hyoosube 兵主部 Hyosube,
. Matsubara Kappa Sha 松原河童社 Matsubara Kappa Shrine .

. Kappa at the terakoya 寺子屋 temple school .

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- - - - - reference - - - - -

nichibun Yokai Database



search for - かっぱ - かっぱ 114 - 008

search for - 河童 -  河童 1202 - 0000

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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- KAPPA 河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - Legends -
- Introduction -

. mukashibanashi 昔話 folktales - Introduction .
the distinction to legends is sometimes blurred.


. Kappa ishi 河童石 Kappa stone legends
Kappa iwa かっぱ岩 Kappa boulder, Kappa rock .



. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kappakyushu #kyushulegends #fukuoka -
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1/04/2018

Onigatake, Onitake mountains

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Onigadake, Onigatake 鬼ヶ岳 / Onidake, Onitake 鬼岳
Onigaoka 鬼が丘 / 鬼ヶ丘 "Deomon Hill"
Mountains with Demon names and legends


. oniyama 鬼山, oni to yama 鬼と山 mountain names and Oni demons .

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鬼岳 Mt. Onidake, a dormant volcano, almost naked, 315 meter
長崎県五島市 Nagasaki, Goto Islands



yamayaki 山焼き burning the mountain in spring

The Mt. Onidake Volcanic group on the south coast of Fukue Island was formed by a muzzle volcano erupting 50 thousand years ago on top of a shield volcano that had erupted five million years ago. This group is made up of the mountains Onidake, Hinotake, Shirodake, Minodake, and Usudake.
The central mountain, Onidake, is an unusual mountain covered with mountain grass instead of trees because the top is burned once every three years. It is the main sightseeing area for Fukue since guests can see the main business area of the city, the surrounding islands, and Fukue port.
- source : nagasaki-shizen.jp/en -


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- reference: Onidake onsen 鬼岳温泉 hot spring -

Onigadake Dam, Kamikozue, Yakage, Oda District, Okayama ・鬼ヶ岳ダム[岡山県

Mt. Onigadake

鬼が丘の龍神とメスアの話
栃木県真岡市鬼怒ケ丘
大阪府 羽曳野市 羽鬼が丘西
鬼ヶ丘の夕日


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Sumo wrestler (warrior) Onigadake Tetsuemon 鬼ヶ嶽鉄右衛門 


Utagawa Kuniyoshi - actor 中村芝翫 Nakamura Shikan

稲妻大蔵 Inazuma Taizo
Once upon a long time ago, in the village of 小栗村 Ogurimura in 諌早 Isahaya (長崎県 Nagasaki) there lived a farmer couple who did not have children.
They went to mount 八天嶽 Hattendake to pray. And then a Tengu came at night . . . well well, the woman got pregnant and bore a strong son.
The boy named Taizo became a strong Sumo wrestler. The Tengu trained him the best he could. Taizo won all the bouts in his village.
Taizo eventually went to Edo and nobody could defeat him. Taizo almost won against the strongest Sumo wrestler in Edo, 鬼ヶ岳 Onigadake, but Onigadake had asked him to let him win, so Taizo lost this one bout (and thus his Tengu power) and then all the other bouts after that and went home much ashamed.
Sometimes the villagers could hear a boulder (ゴットン石 Gotton Ishi) rumble at Mount Hattendake, where Taizo was practicing Sumo with al his former might. He could lift the boulder and carry it to the summit in no time.


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .



. sanki, yamaoni, yama-oni 山鬼の鬼伝説 Mountain Oni Demon .

. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami and 鬼 Oni Demons .




............................................................................ Kagawa 香川県  

. Onigausuyama 鬼がうすの山 / 鬼ヶ臼山 .




............................................................................ Kanagawa 神奈川県 

. Onigatake 鬼ヶ岳 .
神奈川山北町と相模原市との境 - On the border of Yamakita and Sagamihara in Kanagawa.
- sennin no iwa 仙人の岩 Rock of the Mountain Immortals.




............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府  

. 鬼獄神社 Onitake Jinja / 鬼嶽稲荷神社 Onitake Inari Jinja .
Onidake Inari is a famous shrine in Oeyama mountain, where the head of Shuten Doji is buried.




............................................................................ Nara 奈良県  

. Onitorisan 鬼取山 "Mountain of capturing the Demons".
Zenki and Goki




............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県 

. Kukiyama 九鬼山 "Nine Demons Mountain" (Yamanashi) .
and the brave 桃太郎 Momotaro


. Misakayama Onigadake no Oni 御坂山 鬼ヶ岳の鬼 .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


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. - - - Join the Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. oniyama 鬼山, oni to yama 鬼と山 mountain names and Oni demons .

. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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- #onigatake #onigadake #onitake #onidake -
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1/18/2015

komainu lion dogs

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- KAPPA - 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - Shinto shrines -
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- komainu, koma-inu 狛犬 lion dog -

They stand in front of a Shinto shrine to protect the precincts -
and scare away impure creatures.

The most common guardian animal at the entrance of a shrine is the
. komainu, koma inu 狛犬 lit. "Korean Dog" .

They come in a pair, one with its mouth open agyoo 阿形;
and one with its mouth closed, ungyoo 吽形, thus representing the beginning (alpha) and end (omega) of all things.

. koma...  狛  shrine guardian animals .
- Introduction -


Kappa komainu カッパ狛犬 / 河童狛犬 Kappa as Komainu

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source : mie university

This is a painting of the Kappa at the temple Joken-Ji in Tono

When a malicious Kappa tried to pull a horse into the water, he got caught by the farmers and had to promise to be good from now on. Then there was a fire at the temple and the Kappa rushed by, poured endless water from his plate on the head and extinguished the fire.

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. - Kappabuchi, Kappa-buchi 河童淵 / カッパ淵 / 河童が渕
"Kappa pool", Kappa riverside - Introduction .

at Tono, Iwate 遠野 岩手.



- - - - - Look at more photos here :
source : anzubiyori.blog.so-net.ne.jp


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- shared by John Dougill


At shrine Hiruko Sha 蛭子社, on the way to Inari Jinja 稲荷神社 in the compound of the famous Suwa Jinja 諏訪神社 in Nagasaki.
If you pour water in the plate on its head, your wish will be granted.

- quote
Suwa Shrine (諏訪神社 Suwa jinja)
the major Shinto shrine of Nagasaki, Japan, and home to the Nagasaki Kunchi (kunchi (くんち) means "september nine festival" kunichi 九日).
. . . komainu
Another unique feature of Suwa shrine are the "stop lions".
They are two stone-carved guardian lions (koma-inu), and tradition holds that if one wishes to stop a behavior, such as smoking, one should tie a piece of paper or string around their front legs and pray for their assistance.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Hiruko no mikoto 蛭子命 Hiruko is identified with Ebisu.
. Ebisu えびす 恵比寿  .

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. Wakamiya Jinja 若宮神社 - Ehime .
Two Kappa as koma-inu

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

- reference -


. koma...  狛  shrine guardian animals .
- Introduction -

. koma-inu 狛犬 / 高麗犬 / 胡麻犬 "Korean Dog" .
karajishi 唐獅子 "Chinese Lion" / foo dogs, fóshī 佛獅 Foshi
Legends and Tales

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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .


. - - - Join the Koma-Inu friends of facebook ! - - - .

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. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .


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- #komainu #kappakomainu
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1/24/2015

Kappa Jizo

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- KAPPA - 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - Legends -
. Jizō - Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - ABC List .
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- Kappa Jizoo かっぱ地蔵 / 河童地蔵 Kappa and Jizo Bosatsu -
There are various legends and statues in Japan.


source : Rob on facebook

Inspired by this photo by Rob on facebook !

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- カッパ封じ地蔵 Jizo subduing the Kappa -

福岡県の民話 Legend from Fukuoka
福岡の若松の高塔山(高塔山公園)Kita Kyushu, Mount Takato (Mt. Koto) in Wakamatsu (124 m)
北九州市若松区修多羅 Sutara
The part is now famous for its Hortensia アジサイ ajisai, open air concerts and a Wallaby zoo.
It overlooks the nearby sea 玄界灘.


- source : wakamatude.gozaru.jp

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- - - - - Watch the story online
- source : nipponmukasibanasi


- - - - - summary
At the top of Mount Takatosan in Wakamatsu there is a pond where clear water is sprouting and many Kappa lived in the pond. They always fought abou their territory among themselves.

One year there was no rain at all, all was dry and the hot sun shone from the sky every day.
Most ponds and rivers in the region were out of water and only the pond on top of Mount Takatosan still had some water. So the Kappa of the region all moved here and fought about the last few drops of water. They also involved the villagers nearby and it was really a cruel fighting among humans and the Kappa for survival.

Mountain ascet and Priest 堂丸総学 Domaru Sogaku heared about the water shortage and came to Mount Takatosan. He had been involved with wicked Kappa before and fought them with leaves of the gourd ヘチマの葉. So he thought he could help the people by subduing the Kappa here too.

He asked the blacksmith of the village to make him a long nail of about 30 cm. Then he climbed Mount Takatosan, sat in front of the statue of Jizo at the top of the mountain and began his prayers to subdue the Kappa.
"If my prayers are answered, then this nail will stick out of the back of the Jizo statue and all the Kappa will be put under the earth, never to come up again!"

When the surprised Kappa heare his prayer, they wanted to stop him. So one of them changed into a beautiful lady and tried to seduce the monk. Others offered him money to stop, others changed into huge serpents and threatened him, but monk Sogaku did not move an inch and continued to pray.



On the last day of his prayer, when Sogaku was already very exhausted, he suddenly saw one place at the back of the Jizo statue become soft as tofu pudding. He called on all his strength and stuck the nail into the stone statue there.
And in that moment, all the Kappa who had been threatening Sogaku disappeared into thin air, never to come back.

Now the water flew back down the mountain to the village and all were saved.
Even now there is the nail in the back of the Jizo statue to be seen. It is left there so that the Kappa will never never come back again to Mount Takatosan. People rub it softly with this wish and the nail has become all soft and smooth over the years.


The Jizo hall at Mount Takatosan.
It seems the real statue is not Jizo but Kokuzo Bosatsu 虚空蔵菩薩.




龍匠外伝

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Another legend about priest 堂丸総学 Domaru Sogaku
小便 - told by Mizuki Shigeru

高塔山の地蔵にはある由来があった。その昔、あんまの東六が森の淵で小便をすると、千匹の河童が現れた。その淵は、禁忌を破った河童達が溶けて溜まったものだった。村人たちは蘇った河童の退治法を考え、山伏の堂丸総学に河童を封じてもらうよう頼む。
- source : ja.wikipedia.org


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河童地蔵尊 Kappa Jizo Son
神埼町 枝ヶ里 Kanzaki, Saga prefecture



Link with 7 photos
- source : www.kanzaki-museum.com


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Kappa Koen カッパ公園 Kappa Park

At the hot spring 猿ヶ京温泉 Sarugakyo Onsen
Gunma 群馬県 



Once upon a time
a Kappa raided all the cucumber fields of the local farmers and caused a lot of trouble.
When the farmers caught the Kappa he promised by the statue of a Jizo Bosatsu to show them how to make good medicine if they let him go.

Now there is even a local festival and ritual to keep the Kappa happy.
カッパ地蔵安泰祈願祭

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Nagasaki, near 眼鏡橋の川沿
- source : travelog-jpn.blogspot.jp/


. Nagasaki Suijin-Sha 水神社 Shrine of the Water Deity .
and Kappa Legends

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Jizo no Fuchi no Kappa 地蔵の渕の河童 The Kappa from Jizonofuchi River Pool
Akita, 東由利町 Higashiyurimachi

The river which flows past the small village of Kubo 久保集落 has a river pool, Jizunofuchi, where a Kappa lived, who liked to play tricks on people. At the home of 末吉 Sueyoshi there were many young horses. One day when Sueyoshi had washed them in the river, the Kappa followed him. The villagers, who all knew about the malicious deeds of this Kappa, took him prisoner.
Eventually Sueyoshi felt pity with the Kappa and helped him to get free.
From this day on, every year when Autumn came, he delivered two fine salmon at the home of Sueyoshi.


source : kappa hakubutsukan

kokeshi wooden doll of Kappa delivering two salmon


. Akita 秋田県 Kappa Legends 河童 .

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Nikaidoo Masahiro 二階堂正宏 Nikaido Masahiro



Painting by Nikaido Masahiro (1948 - )
from Kamakura.

This one is for the Shrine Egara Tenjin 荏柄天神社.

鎌倉在住の漫画家二階堂正宏さ んは荏柄天神社の河童塚創設に奔走された一人です。
- source : kikurotakagi

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Kappa from Shimantogawa Shikoku 四万十川カッパ造形大賞



made by 竹岡瑠美
- source : www.kisotengai.jp


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


.......................................................................................... Fukuoka 福岡県
鞍手郡 Kurate district



In front of 地蔵堂 the Jizo Hall there is a huge rock.
Once a Kappa, who wanted to steal the horse of the Lord, was kicked by it and caught. He had to swear he would not do it again and write this on a piece of paper.
The paper was buried in the ground below this rock.



.......................................................................................... Nagano 長野県

カワランベ Kawaranbe, local name for Kappa
Near the river crossing in Kiso there was a Kappa coming out with a suribachi 擂鉢 mortar on his head.
A bit further downriver was a rock called abura-ishi アブラ石 "fat rock) and many people came here to kill themselves.
When they carved the feature of Jizo Bosatsu in the rock, people stopped coming.



.......................................................................................... Niigata 新潟県
北蒲原郡 Kita-Kanbara district

Villagers were much troubled by a Kappa pulling children into the river.
So they put a stone statue of Jizo near the river bank and prayed to it.
Since then the trouble stopped and people called the stone statue
河童地蔵 Kappa Jizo.



.......................................................................................... Oita 大分県
佐伯市 Saiki city

Once upon a time 金田家 the Kanada family had a Jizo statue in front of their home. This place had been a swamp, where Kappa and ghosts used to come out.
When they put up the Jizo statue and prayed to it, nothing bad happened any more. Jizo would hide the children under his robes if a wicked Kappa showed up.



.......................................................................................... Tottori 鳥取県

If there was a place with a lot of damage by a Kappa, people placed a stone statue of Jizo nearby and prayed to it.
Once a strong Samurai came past and killed the Kappa, later praying to it as Jizo. The statue was soon called
河童地蔵 Kappa Jizo.


.......................................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県

The Kappa in the river often killed people, so the villagers caught it.
He had to promise not to do any more harm until the bottom of the stone Jizo would rot away.



.......................................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県
下部町 Shimobe town

wankashibuchi 椀貸淵 "river pool for trays and bowls"
The お地蔵淵 Jizo River Pool is also called 巴淵 Tomoegafuchi.
At the bottom under a rock there lives a Kappa. If the villagers had a meeting with many people they came here to ask for trays and bowls.
Once they forgot to bring them back and Kappa got angry, never lending them any more.

. Zenwanbuchi 膳椀淵 "river pool for trays and bowls" .


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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

- reference -


. Jizo Bosatsu (Kshitigarbha) 地蔵菩薩 .
- Introduction -

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Kappaishi 河童石 Kappa Stone
Nagasaki - Suijin-Sha 水神社 Shrine of the Water Deity



. Kappa ishi 河童石 Kappa stone legends .


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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. hyootan 瓢箪 Hyotan gourd, calabash and Kappa .
. . . . hechima 糸瓜, 蛮瓜,布瓜 sponge gourd

. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kappajizo #jizokappa #jizobosatsu -
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5/26/2017

onizuka demon mound

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Onizuka 鬼塚 / オニヅカ Demon Mound

Some are kofun 古墳 mounds.
Kofun are megalithic tombs or tumuli in Japan, constructed between the early 3rd century and the early 7th century AD.
- - - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Oni no iwaya kofun 鬼の窟古墳(鬼のいわや古墳)
鬼ノ岩屋古墳 "Cave of the Demons" - Miyazaki Kyushu




- quote -
Saitobaru Kofun-Gun 西都原古墳 
There are burial mounds everywhere in Miyazaki that is rich with ancient myths. Among them, Saitobaru Kofungun is one of the largest groups of burial mounds on a 70-meter-high hill running from south to north in the east of Saito, Miyazaki. A part of them are designated as special historic burial mounds. 311 burial grounds of various sizes scattered across the hill are reminder of the prosperity of ancient persons in power. Burial mounds of different styles are scattered around Osahozuka believed to be the grave of Ninigi-no-mikoto and Mesahozuka believed to be the grave of his wife Konohanasakuya-hime (both managed by the Imperial Household Agency). They indicate the existence of multiple powers that continued to build these large-scale burial mounds.

175 m-long and 18 m high at the round part, Osahozuka is the largest scallop-shaped mound in Japanese Archpelago. 180 m-long Mesahozuka (15 m high at the round part) is one of the largest mounds in Kyushu. Both are under the jurisdiction of the Imperial Household Agency and closed to the public.



Oni no Iwaya is the only tumulus left in a perfect condition in Japan and you can see the inside.
However, most of the burial mounds are preserved without excavation. ...
- reference source : jnto.go.jp/eng/spot/ruins -


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鬼塚古墳 Onizuka kofun, Kunisaki, 国東 Oita 大分
- reference -


長戸鬼塚古墳 Nagato Onizuka Kofun, Isahaya 諌早, Nagasaki 長崎
- reference -


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. Shrines named Onizuka Jinja .

鬼塚神社  - 福岡県椎田町 Fukuoka
and - 鬼塚観音 Onizuka Kannon  / 鬼塚子宝観音 Onizuka Kodakara Kannon / Onizuka Mara Kannon. まら観音
-
鬼塚神社 Onizuka Jinja - 長崎県佐世保市 Nagasaki

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


............................................................................ Ehime 愛媛県
北宇和郡 Kitauwa district 吉田町 Yoshida

Ushioni 牛鬼 "bull-demon"
On his way to war in Korea, 加藤清正 Kato Kiyomasa asked the Ushioni to come with him and fight.
In the town of 宇和島 Uwajima at 泉ヶ森 Izumigamori there is Ushioni-Zuka 牛鬼塚 a mound in his memory.
Once upon a time, when Okuninushi drove out the demons and also Ushioni, his blood turned the ground all red, and even now there are 赤石 red rocks.

Uwajima Ushi-oni matsuri 宇和島牛鬼祭り Uwajima Ushi-oni festival
牛鬼の面(かぶ) Mask of an Ushi-Oni for the festival
There are also families named 鬼塚 Onizuka and 鬼頭 Onigashira .
. ushi oni, ushioni, gyuuki 牛鬼 / うし鬼 "bull-demon" .

. 加藤清正 Kato Kiyomasa (1562 - 1611) .



............................................................................ Ibaraki 茨城県
鹿島市 Kashima

The 鹿島の大神 Great Deity of Kashima drove out the demon of the 高天原地方 Takamagahara region. He burried its head in the ground, which is now the 鬼塚 Onizuka.
The blood of the Oni turned the sand all read.
If people eat the birds that live in this region, the family will suffer misfortune and disaster.



- quote -
Takama-ga-hara 高天原 "the Plain of High Heaven"
is a place in Japanese mythology. In Shinto, Takamagahara (or Takama no Hara) is the dwelling place of the kami. It is believed to be connected to the Earth by the bridge Ama-no uki-hashi (the "Floating Bridge of Heaven").
In Shinto, ame (heaven) is a lofty, sacred world, the home of the amatsukami. Some scholars have attempted to explain the myth of descent of the gods from the Takamagahara as an allegory of the migration of peoples. However, it is likely to have referred from the beginning to a higher world in a religious sense. A Shinto myth explains that at the time of creation, light, pure elements branched off to become heaven (ame). Heavy, turbid elements branched off to become earth (tsuchi). Ame became the home of the amatsukami or gods of heaven, while tsuchi became the home of kunitsukami or gods of the land. The amatsukami are said to have descended from heaven to pacify and perfect this world.
- source : wikipedia -

The location of this plain is disputed, sources quote a region in Kashima.




. Kashima Shrine 鹿島神宮 Kashima Jingu .
This shrine is dedicated to the deity Takemikazuchi no mikoto (武甕槌大神)
Kashima Daijin (鹿島大神) "Great Deity of Kashima", a patron of the martial arts.



............................................................................ Kagawa 香川県
善通寺市 Zentsuji

kaika 怪火 ghost light,狸 Tanuki
The lord 鬼塚八郎右衛門 Onizuka Hachiroemon of castle 雨霧城 Amagirijo was was killed by the enemy and the castle lost.
To appease his soul, the villagers erected an Onizuka 鬼塚 Demon Mound Stone Memorial. Much later the land was redistributed for agriculture and the small shrine and mound was lost. The man who tore down the mound, Senkoya 線香屋, soon fell ill.
In his dream he heard a voice: "Why did you com here? Why did you do this?"
"I destroyed the Onizuka, that was wrong of me, I want to beg for your pardon."
On that night a ghost light appeared and the estate and all the family members were burned.
The villagers thought it must have been the revenge of the Tanuki who had stayed for so many years as guardian of the Onizuka.

- reference : Amagiri castle -

In Zentsuji town there is a district called Onizuka
香川県善通寺市弘田町鬼塚 Zentsuji, Hirota village, Onizuka
At the adress 香川県善通寺市弘田町鬼塚1105 there is the Shinto shrine

Kumoge Jinja 雲氣神社(雲気神社)





............................................................................ Nagano 長野県

上水内郡 Kamiminochi district 鬼無里村 Kinasamura village

戸隠山の鬼 Togakushiyama no Oni
When people were digging up the Onizuka mound, they found bones. The skull had two horns, and from the jaw some fangs were protruding for about 90 cm.
There were also bones from arms and legs.
Villagers say that 平惟茂 Taira no Koremochi had burried an Oni there. After he had killed the Demon, the village was called
Kinasa - village without any demons.
The story tells of Koremochi fighting Kijo, the demon of Mt. Togakushi.

kijo momiji 鬼女紅葉 The Female Demon called "Momiji"


- quote Sean Donnan Art -

. kijo momiji 鬼女紅葉 The Female Demon called "Momiji" .
with Haiku by Buson and more


. お善鬼様伝説 The Legend of O-Zenki Sama - The Benevolent Demon .
Nagano, Aoni shuuraku 青鬼集落 a hamlet named Aoni "Green Demon"

.......................................................................

One more legend from Kinasa village about the Kappa

馬を厩に入れると尻尾に河童がつかまっていた。打ち殺そうとすると詫びたので逃がした。河童は恩返しに膳椀を貸してくれたが、そのひとつを横領したものがあり、貸さなくなった。

- KAPPA - 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - ABC-Index -


............................................................................ Nara 奈良県
.......................................................................
宇陀郡 Uda district 榛原町 Haibaracho

黒塚 Kurozuka, 鬼塚 Onizuka and 三ツ塚 Mitsuzuka
. oni no shison 鬼の子孫 descendants of Oni . .
Families with the name 足立の安達姓 Adachi are descendants of Oni.
In the deep mountain there are three 古墳 Kofun mounds related to the Oni.


............................................................................ Osaka 大阪府

- quote -
Mitsuzuka Mounded Tombs - Kofun
These are three square mounded tombs arranged from east to west on the south side of the Mausoleum of Empress Nakatsuhime.
From east, they are called Yashimazuka Mounded Tomb, Nakayamazuka Mounded Tomb, and Suketayama Mounded Tomb, respectively.
In 1978, large and small shura (wooden sleds) were discovered at the bottom of the surrounding moat between Yashimazuka Mounded Tomb and Nakayamazuka Mounded Tomb, which attracted wide attention from the public.
- source :city.fujiidera.lg.jp/kanko -
大阪府藤井寺市岡1丁目1番1号


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
- reference - 鬼塚 -

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. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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