Showing posts with label - - Legends - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - Legends - -. Show all posts

8/16/2017

onibi demon fire

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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onibi 鬼火 / kika キカ "demon fire", "devil's fire"


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. "devil's fire", onibi 鬼火 will-o'-the-wisp .
"fox fire", kitsunebi 狐火 (きつねび) //
- kigo for all winter -

Onibi flames are often seen at graveyards or places where people died of unnatural circumstances.

. janjanbi じゃんじゃん火 / ジャンジャン火 Janjan fire .
- Legends from Nara

. soogenbi 宗源火 Sogenbi / ubagabi 姥ケ火 / 姥ヶ火 in Kyoto .


rin 燐 phosphorous is also called onibi.

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- quote -
Onibi (鬼火) is a type of atmospheric ghost light in legends of Japan. According to folklore, they are the spirits born from the corpses of humans and animals, and are also said to be resentful people that have become fire and appeared. Also, sometimes the words "will-o'-wisp" or "jack-o'-lantern" are translated into Japanese as "onibi."



- Outline
According to the Wakan Sansai Zue written in the Edo Period, it was a blue light like a pine torchlight, and several onibi would gather together, and humans who come close would have their spirit sucked out. Also, from the illustration in the same Zue, it has been guessed to have a size from about 2 or 3 centimeters in diameter to about 20 or 30 centimeters, and to float in the air about 1 or 2 meters from the ground. According to Yasumori Negishi, in the essay "Mimibukuro" from the Edo period, in chapter 10 "Onibi no Koto," there was an anecdote about an onibi that appeared above Hakone mountain that split into two and flew around, gathered together again, and furthermore split several times.
Nowadays, people have advanced several theories about their appearance and features.

- Appearance
They are generally blue as stated previously, but there are some that are bluish white, red, and yellow. For their size, there are some as small as a candle flame, to ones about as large as a human, to some that even span several meters.
- Number
Sometimes there only 1 or 2 of them appear, and also times when 20 to 30 if them would appear at once, and even times when countless onibi would burn and disappear all night long.
- Times of frequent appearance
They usually appear from spring to summer. They often appear on days of rain.
- Places of frequent appearance
They commonly appear in watery areas like wetlands, and also in forests, prairies, and graveyards, and they often appear in places surrounded by natural features, but rarely they appear in towns as well.
- Heat
The are some that, when touched, do not feel hot like a fire, but also some that would burn things with heat like real fire.

- - - - - Types of onibi - - - - -

As onibi are thought of as a type of atmospheric ghost light, there are ones like the below. Other than these, there is also the shiranui, the koemonbi, the janjanbi, and the tenka among others. There is a theory that the kitsunebi is also a kind of onibi, but there is also the opinion that strictly speaking, they are different from onibi.

Asobibi (遊火, lit. "play fire")
It is an onibi that appears below the castle and above the sea in Kōchi, Kōchi Prefecture and Mitani Mountain. One would think that it appeared very close, just for it to fly far away, and when one thinks that it has split apart several times, it would once again all come together. It is said to be of no particular harm to humans.
Igebo
It is what onibi are called in the Watarai District, Mie Prefecture.
Inka (陰火, lit. "shadow fire")
It is an onibi that would appear together when a ghost or yōkai appears.
Kazedama (風玉, lit. "wind ball")
It is an onibi of the Ibigawa, Ibi district, Gifu Prefecture. In storms, it would appear as a spherical ball of fire. It would be about as big as a personal tray, and it gives off bright light. In the typhoon of Meiji 30 (1897), this kazedama appeared from the mountain and floated in the air several times.
Sarakazoe (皿数え, lit. "count plate")
It is an onibi that appeared in the Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki by Sekien Toriyama. In the Banchō Sarayashiki known from ghost stories, Okiku's spirit became appeared as an inka ("shadow fire") from the well, and was depicted as counting plates.
Sōgenbi (叢原火 or 宗源火, lit. "religion source fire")
It was an onibi in Kyoto in Sekien Toriyama's Gazu Hyakki Yagyō. It was stated to be a monk who once stole from the Jizōdō in Mibu-dera who received Buddhist punishment and became an onibi, and the anguishing face of the priest would float inside the fire. The name also appeared in the "Shinotogibōko," a collection of ghost stories from the Edo period.
Hidama (火魂, lit. "fire spirit")
An onibi from the Okinawa Prefecture. It ordinarily lives in the kitchen behind the charcoal extinguisher, but it is said to become a bird-like shape and fly around, and make things catch on fire.
Wataribishaku (渡柄杓, lit. "transversing ladle")
An onibi from Chii village, Kitakuwada District, Kyoto Prefecture (later, Miyama, now Nantan). It appears in mountain villages, and is a bluish white ball of fire that lightly floats in the air. It is said to have an appearance like a hishaku (ladle), but it is not that it actually looks like the ladle tool, but rather that it appeared to be pulling a long and thin tail, which was compared to a ladle as a metaphor.
Kitsunebi (狐火, lit. "fox fire")
It is a mysterious fire that has created various legends, there is the theory that a bone the fox is holding in its mouth is glowing. Kimimori Sarashina from Michi explained it as a refraction of light that occurs near river beds. Sometimes kitsunebi are considered a type of onibi.

- Considerations
First, considering how the details about onibi from eyewitness testimony do not match each other, onibi can be thought of as a collective term for several kinds of mysterious light phenomenon. Since they frequently appear during days of rain, even though the "bi" (fire) is in its name, they have been surmised to be different from simply the flames of combustion, and is a different type of luminescent body. It is especially of note that in the past, these phenomena were not strange.
In China in the BC era,
it was said that "from the blood of human and animals, phosphorus and oni fire (onibi) comes." The character 燐 at that time in China could also mean the luminescence of fireflies, triboelectricity, and was not a word that indicated the chemical element "phosphorus".
Meanwhile, in Japan,
according to the explanation in the "Wakan Sansai Zue", for humans, horses, and cattle die in battle and stain the ground with blood, the onibi are what their spirits turn into after several years and months.
One century after the "Wakan Sansai Zue"
in the 19th century and afterwards in Japan, as the first to speak of them, they were mentioned in Shūkichi Arai's literary work "Fushigi Benmō", stating, "the corpses of those who are buried have their phosphorus turned into onibi." This interpretation was supported until the 1920s, and dictionaries would state this in the Shōwa period and beyond.
Sankyō Kanda,
a biologist of luminescent animals, found phosphorus in 1696, and as he knew that human bodies also had this phosphorus, in Japan, the character 燐 was applied to it, and thus it can be guessed that it was mixed in with the hint from China about the relation between onibi and phosphorus. In other words, it could be surmised that when corpses decay, the phosphorus in phosphoric acid would give off light. In this way, many of the onibi would be explained, but there also remain many testimonies that do not match with the theory that of illumination from phosphorus.
After that,
there is a theory that it is not phosphorus itself, but rather the spontaneous combustion of phosphine, or the theory that it is burning methane produced from the decay of the corpse, and also a theory that hydrogen sulfide is produced from the decay and becomes the source of the onibi, and also ones that would be defined in modern science as a type of plasma. Since they often appear in days of rain, there are scientists that would explain that as Saint Elmo's fire (plasma phenomenon). The physicist Yoshihiko Ōtsuki also advanced the theory that these mysterious fires are caused by plasma.It has also been pointed out that for the lights that would appear far in the middle of darkness, that if they are able to move by suggestion, then there is a possibility that they could simply be related to optical illusion phenomena.
Each of these theories
has its own merits and demerits, and since the onibi legends themselves are of various kinds, it would be impossible to conclusively explain all of the onibi with a single theory.
Furthermore,
they are frequently confused with hitodama and kitsunebi, and as there are many different theories to explain them, and since the true nature of these onibi is unknown, there is no real clear distinction between them.
- reference source : wikipedia -


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す 駿河の北浜 鬼火の怪 - SU - Sugaru no Kitahama - Onibi no Kai
江戸妖怪かるた Edo Yokai Karuta - card game


. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
知多郡 Chita district  南知多町 Minami-Chita

onibi 鬼火 fire balls
尾張高野山岩屋山奥之院 Owari Koyasan
愛知県知多郡知多郡南知多町 山海間草109 / Masō Yamami, Minamichita-chō, Chita-gun, Aichi



- Homepage of the temple
Sponsored by the Tokugawa clan of the Edo period.
- source : www.iwayaji.jp... -

The Okunoin of 岩屋寺 Iwaya-Ji is still an active center for Buddhist practice.
On of the pracitses is to abstain from food for three or seven days, not make a fire during this time, walk around the trees from Midnight for one hour in the dark and other exercises.
Sometimes a huge bull stands in their way or fire balls try to prevent them from continuing.
Some hear the footsteps of many people or hear the huge sound of large stones falling on a roof.
Out of fear many disciples run away from this dangerous spot.



............................................................................ Nagano 長野県

At the river 信濃国千曲川 Shinanogawa there where once two youngsters who fell into the water during a strong rain and died.
After that every night a strange Onibi related to the souls of the two could be seen up and down the river. The villagers held a service for their souls and the strange flame appearance stopped.



............................................................................ Okinawa 沖縄県

. muuchii 鬼餅 (むうちい . ムーチー) muchi, "demon mochi" .
- kigo for mid-winter -




............................................................................ Yamagata 山形県

On summer nights when it rains, a strange white flame can be seen near graves. People call it Onibi.


- source - Mizuki Shigeru - 水木しげる妖怪画の模写:鬼火 



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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
23 to explore (05)

- reference - 鬼火 -

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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7/18/2017

Tengu Chiba Legends Masks

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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Chiba and its Tengu legends 千葉県と天狗伝説 


Chiba no kotengu 千葉の小天狗 The Small Tengu from Chiba

Chiba Eijiroo 千葉 栄次郎 Chiba Eijiro (1833 - 1862)
A Samurai of the Bakumatsu period. Master of the 北辰一刀流 Hokushin Ittoryu School of Swordsmanship.
He studied with his father, 千葉周作 Chiba Shusaku, and became so proficient, he was called "Small Tengu" at age 19.


千葉栄次郎 - 隊士図鑑

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嶺岡浅間の天狗面 Mineoka Asama Tengu Masks
The Mineoka Mountain District ( 嶺岡山地 Mineoka sanchi).
Mount Mineoka Asama is 336 m high. On its North-Eastern side is a temple housing 白滝不動 Shirataki Fudo and the stone Tengu masks are close to it.


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten.. gate 507...

The stone Tengu on the way have some strange forms, with a protruding mouth and a nose like a dumpling.
The locals call them 石尊山 Sekison San - Venerable Stone Deities .



There are three sanctuaries for the stone Tengu on the way up to Mount Mineoka Asama.







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Sekison San 石尊山 Venerable Stone Deities
The belief in Sekison San is known in the Tanzawa mountains, Oyama and at 富士山新五合目小御岳石尊 the 5th station of Mount Fujisan,
石尊様 Sekison Sama are also venerated in Gunma, 甘楽郡 Kanragun 南牧村 Nanmoku village.


Sekison and Fudo Myo-O at 小畑池 Obataike,銚子 Choshi, Chiba

. . . CLICK here for more Sekison Photos !



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高宕山 Takagoyama - 315 m high
From its peak there is a great view over the Kujukutani mountains, Tokyo Bay and all the way to Mount Fujisan.
Now the center of 県立高宕山自然公園, Takagoyama Prefectural Natural Park in South-central Chiba.


- quote -
Kujukutani 千葉 九十九谷
Kujukutani is the landscape of the row of mountains seen from the Kujukutani Park down from Shiratori Shrine at the southeastern end of Mt. Kano in Kimitsu City, Chiba Pref. The mountains including Mt. Takago are part of Boso Kyuryo (hills).
This picturesque landscape is composed of deep valleys and overlapping mountain ridgelines, which is selected as one of 500 Charming Spots in Boso. Purple mists at dawn or the after grow of a sunset creates a magnificent scene like an ink painting. Especially beautiful is the sea of clouds trailing along the ridgelines and fading out into the air, which can be seen from the late fall to winter.
A poet, Keigetsu Omachi, described it as “the most wonderful sight in the world.” It is said that an artist painter, Kaii Higashiyama, was inspired with this landscape and painted one of his masterpieces, “Afterglow.”
- source : nippon-kichi.jp... -


高宕山源頼朝と天狗面 Takagoyama and the Tengu Mask of Minamoto to Yoritomo
飯縄寺 Iizunadera Temple (Iinawadera)
千葉県いすみ市岬町和泉2935-1 / Chiba, Isumi, Misakichoizumi, 2935-1


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten/851-900..gate888...

Mount Takagoyama is 雨乞いの山 a mountain for rain rituals. At 清滝神社 Kiyotaki Jinja a small shrine the Waterfall Deity is venerated as 高オカミ神 the Mountain Deity.
(The old Kanji for this spelling is rain 雨 on top and below it three open mouths 口. Below it the Kanji for a dragon 龍 - a very complicated Kanji indeed, 高おかみ神.)
Below this shrine is the Kannon hall in a cave, protecting the Tengu masks.
Once upon a long time, Minamoto no Yoritomo had to flee from 小田原の石橋山 the lost battle in Odawara and took refuge here. Yoritomo stayed in the Kannon cave (高宕観音 Takago Kannon) and prayed for the return of his good luck and victory. On the pillars of this cave-hall hang the Tengu masks.

高宕山 The Kanji in the middle, 宕, refers to the cave, and this reminded people of the famous 愛宕山 Atagoyama in Kyoto.
Maybe the Tengu from Atagoyama even came here to visit ? ??

Kuraokami, Takaokami 高おかみ神 , Kuramitsuha Kuraokami no kami, Takaokami no kami
. amagoi 雨乞い rain rituals - Introduction .


淤加美神(おかみのかみ)、または龗神(おかみのかみ) - Okaminokami - 闇龗神と高龗神は同一の神. - Takaokami

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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観音堂の天狗面 The Tengu Masks of the Kannon-Hall


- quote -
牛若丸と大天狗 Ushiwakamaru and the Dai-Tengu

Iizuna temple is known as the 天狗の寺"Tengu Temple".
People come here to pray fpr fire prevention, safety on the sea, prosperous business and health.
The temple treasure is a wood carving of about 4 m length and 1 m hight by the famous carver 波の伊八 Nami no Ihachi.
It shows 牛若丸と天狗 Ushiwakamaru and the Tengu.
At the 仁王門 Nio-Mon entrance gate is a carving of a Tengu riding the waves.

- - - - - and an amulet to go with it


- reference source : isumi-kankou.com/isumi-kanko...-

. Minamoto no Yoritomo 源 頼朝 . - (1147 – 1199)
founder of the Kamakura Shogunate

. Iizuna Daigongen 飯縄大権現 Izuna Daigongen .

. 飯綱三郎天狗 Izuna Saburo Tengu .
He lives on Mount Iizunayama 飯砂山 / 飯綱山 in Nagano.

. Nami no Ihachi 波の伊八 "Ihachi the carver of waves" .
(1751-1824)
Dragon and waves 竜と波 at temple 飯縄寺 Izunadera.

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

Once there were two brothers, but the younger brother suddenly went off and was lost.
Afterwards a typhoon begun to blow and from the top of a cedar tree the voice of the man was heard "I am back, I am back!"
He had become a guhin 狗賓 Tengu and is still living to our day.

. guhin kuhin gubin 狗賓 / グヒン Guhin Tengu Yokai monster .

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長生郡 Chosei district 長柄町 Nagara town

Someone cut the weeds below the 天狗の腰かけ松 Pine of the Tengu. The Tengu got angry, abducted him and when the man came back, he had a bad injury.
. Tengu no koshikake matsu 天狗の腰掛松 / Tengu no matsu 天狗の松 .
. . . . .

Aoso sama 青麻様 "Green Hemp Deity"
The protecting deity of the 鹿間家 Shikama family is Aoso Sama, said to be a Tengu. He protects from 中風 palsy. Its annual rituals are on the first of April and September.
The offering is red rice and never pumpkin or leek, since he does not like these vegetables.
. . . . .

A child once saw a Tengu on the bridge of 東茂原 Higashi Mobara. Soon after the child got ill and died.
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A Tengu once shape-shifted and worked at a temple in I市原 chihara town. When the priest asked him to get some Tofu he flew all the way to Kyoto to buy it.
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Many Tengu sometimes came to the 権現森 Gongenmori Park and made music with flutes and drums.
(Gongen Mori is a hill in Chiba and is nearby are Nagarayama and Rokujizō. 権現森自然公園.)

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館山市 Tateyama city

At 滝田 Takita there is 天狗の通り道 a Tengu road, where they pass with the most strange sounds when flying past. It is a rather deep forest and sometimes the forest workers, who stay over night in a small hut, can feel it moving and shaking.
. madoo 魔道 - まどう Mado, road where monsters pass .

. . . . .

A villager from 八束村 Yatsukamura village has seen a Tengu in the mountain forest, reading a book.

- - - - - 伊予ケ岳 Mount Iyogatake - - - - -
On mount 伊予ケ岳 Iyogatake in the village 平群村 Hegurimura near 岩井 Iwai there lived a Tengu.
The warden of the small shrine could tell his temper: On good days the water bucket was filled by the Tengu, on bad days it was empty.



- quote -
Mount Iyogatake (伊予ヶ岳 Iyoga-take) is a mountain on the border of the city of Minamibōsō, Chiba Prefecture, with an altitude of 336.6 m (1,104 ft).
Mount Iyogatake is at the west of the Mineoka Mountain District of the Bōsō Hill Range, in close proximity to Mount Tomi. The mountain takes its name from its resemblance to Mount Ishizuchi in Ehime Prefecture, formerly in Iyo Province.
Mount Iyogatake is one of the few mountains in the Bōsō Hill Range with steep rock cliff. It can be easily climbed within 40 minutes. The entrance to the path of the mountain is between Heguri Elementary School and the Heguri Tenjin Shrine. Mount Iyogatake offers a clear view of the other mountains of the Bōsō Hill Range and Tokyo Bay, and on clear days Mount Fuji and the Izu Islands are also visible.
Mount Iyogatake and the Heguri Tenjin Shrine are associated with a legend of a tengu, a supernatural creature found in Japanese folklore.
- source : wikipedia -


Sometimes the Tengu came down to the village to pester the farmers, steal the rice from their barn or the vegetables from their fields. But the villagers feared the curse of this Tengu and could do nothing. The Tengu took advantage of their fear and one day threw a letter into a farmhouse:
"Tonight at the full moon, bring the most beautiful girl of Heguri village to the Shrine 天神社 Tenjin Sha at the foot of Mount Iyogatake. If you do not obey, I will use my 天狗の団扇 Tengu fan and blast away your whole village in a storm!"
The farmer was struck with fear and went to the village headman for advice. He headman was very clever and said:
"If the Tengu will use his fan, we can use our own fan to teach him a lesson!"
He made a fan three times bigger as the one used by the tengu, climbed Mount Iyogatake and showed it to the Tengu. The Tengu wanted to have it and exchanged it for his own.
When he next tried to use the new fan to fly down to the village, he fell from the mountain - he had lost his 神通力 magical power.
.
Another legends tells of this vicious Tengu feared by all villagers, who was just friends with one man,
定さん Sada san. Sada san was the second son of a rich farmer. Sada san had once picked up the fan of the Tengu on the foot of the mountain and brought it back. The Tengu was very greatful and invited him for a delicious meal.
As you know, a Tengu needs his fan to be able to fly around in the sky.
The man, who knew the others did not like the Tengu, was glad he had given the fan back and received a meal instead, so the two became friends. The man went up to the Tengu's living quarters many times to eat and tell all in the village about his new friend.
Thus he helped to make the Tengu quite famous . . . to our day, it seems.
Once the Tengu boasted:
"I can fly to all the way Shikoku to 像頭山 Mount Zuzu-San and the temple at 金琴平山 Konpira-San and come back in no time at all!"
Sada doubted this, but the Tengu wielded his fan and slowly disappeared in the sky. Since he did not come back, Sada san went home to sleep. When he opened the shutters next morning he saw an amulet from the famous temple at Konpira San on his doorstep. This must have been placed there by his friend, the Tengu.



source : toki.moo.jp/gaten,,097...

Once upon a time, the Tengu from Iyogatake abducted an acolyte, the son of 小松民部正寿 Komatsu Minbu Masatoshi, from the temple 小松寺 Komatsu-Ji in 千倉 Chikura and much later they found the boy at Iyogatake.
Much later.
Once in summer during the rainy season, villagers were cleaning up the mountain. When they emptied a trash box on the wayside, a large mukade ムカデ centipede came out of it.

At the top of the mountain is a Shinto sanctuary dedicated to
少比名命 Sukunahiko no Mikoto.

Stories about a Tengu living on this mountain date back to 921 and the curse of Sugawara no Michizane.






- - - - - Heguri Tenjin Sha 平久里天神社 / 平群天神社
千葉県南房総市平久里中207 // 207 Hegurinaka, Minamibōsō-shi, Chiba

- Deities in residence
菅原道真 Sugawara Michizane (Tenjin sama)
木花開耶姫命 Konohana Sakuyahime no Mikoto
天照大日霎貴命 あまてらすおおひるめのみこと Amaterasu Ohirome no Mikoto
建御名方神 Takeminakata-no-kami


This shrine was founded in 1353, when collecting money for the 北野天満宮 Kitano Tenmangu Shrine.
Later in 1586, it was rebuilt on orders of the local lord, 里見義頼 Satomi Yoshiyori (1542 - 1587).
Later in 1808, it was rebuilt by priest 法印宥弘.
It was the protector shrine of the 9 villages comprizing Heguri, but during the Meiji restauration it lost its power.





. Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真 - Tenjin Sama .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
- reference - 千葉 天狗 伝説-

. Tengu no men 天狗の面 / 天狗面 mask of a Tengu - Introduction .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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6/08/2017

Fudo Myo-O and Oni

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Fudo Myo-O 不動明王と鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends and Fudo

. 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O - Acala - Vidyaraja .
- Introduction -

jaki o fumu Fudo Myo-O 邪鬼を踏む不動明王
Fudo Myo-O stepping on a Jaki demon





- The complete scroll is here :
- source : yahoo auctions June 2017 -

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
名古屋市 Nagoya 熱田区 Atsuta

高蔵不動院 Takakura Fudo-In - O-Yakushi no Oni Matsuri 大薬師の鬼祭 Demon Festival
During the Shusho-E 修正会 rituals on the fifth day of the New Year at the Temple Takakura Fudo-In there is a ritual called
O-Yakushi no Oni Matsuri, "Festival of the Demons of Yakushi Nyorai". 12 men from nearby Atsuta, aged 25 and 42 are chosen to participate as Oni. On leap years there are 13 men.
The demon masks of the temple are made of strong thick paper and ward off evil influence for the coming year. The masks are imitations of the one's from the "Bull Festival of Kyoto" 京都牛祭 (太秦の牛祭).


............................................................................ Akita 秋田県
山本郡 Yamamoto district 二ツ井町 Futatsui Machi

鬼神集落 Onigami village
The protector deity of this village is called オボシナサマ Oboshina Sama (Fudo Myo-O).

Its festival is on the 28th day of the 3rd lunar month, now on May 8. On the evening before the festival people put their boiled vegetables in a Bento lunch box and meet at the shrine, to eat it all together. They are not allowed to eat any meat on this occasion.
Then in 1956 some brave one eat some meat and what do you say - the next day was a huge fire in the hamlet and 17 homes burned down.


............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府
加佐郡 Kasa district 大江町 Oe Machi

Shuten Dooji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji / 不動堂 Fudo-Do Hall

Onigajaya, Oni-Ga-Chaya 鬼ヶ茶屋


- reference source : city.fukuchiyama.kyoto.jp/onihaku .. onityaya -

Near the place where the remains of the mansion of Shuten Doji are supposed to be there is a huge boulder. There is also a place where the river flows upstream when the demons wash the bloody robes; this is where the villagers later they build the 不動堂 Fudo Hall below the waterfall 千丈ヶ滝下 Senjogataki.
Even further up in the mountain, where Shuten Doji was defeated by Raiko Yorimitsu there is now the shrine
鬼獄神社 Onitake Jinja / 鬼嶽稲荷神社 Onitake Inari Jinja.
Raiko had prepared Shinben Kidokushu 神便鬼毒酒 a special rice wine with poison for the Oni and was thus able to kill it.

Oni-take Inari Jinja 京都府福知山市大江町北原 Fukuchiyama, Kyoto
. Shuten Dooji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji "Sake Child" Demon .


Onitake-Inari Jinja Shrine at the 8th station of Mt.Oe. With a beautiful view of the sea of clouds in Autumn.


............................................................................ Miyagi 宮城県
玉造郡 Tamatsukuri district 鳴子町 Naruko

鬼首村 Onikobe village (Demon Head Village) 
Once upon a time
a demon wanted to enter the village of Onikobe, but Fudo killed him and burned the body.
From the ashes arose many many many mosquitoes which to our day suck the blood of the people.


............................................................................ Nara 奈良県
生駒市 Ikoma 鬼取町 Onitori Cho

En no Gyoja met a couple of Oni who were eating humans. He asked them not to do that any more but they did not listen to him. He hid in a cave but they wanted to give him human flesh to eat even there.
Then 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O comes along and pressured the couple not to eat humans any more. Now they promised to change their ways.
Zenki went to 洞川 Dorogawa (now a famous hot spring), and Goki went to 十津川 Totsukawa .

At 生駒山 Mount Ikomasan、En no Gyoja had a dream given to him by 孔雀明 Kujaku Myo-O.
He should capture the two Oni from the foot of Ikomasan and turn them into decent beings. He stayed in prayer for 21 days and on the last day, with 不動緊縛の法 Fudo Kinboku, a special ritual of Fudo Myo-O he could capture them.
So the Oni cut off their hair and became the pious disciples of En no Gyoja.

The mountain is now called Onitorisan 鬼取山 "Mountain of capturing the Demons",
and the village is still called that way, 鬼取 Onitori.

 . Zenki 前鬼 and his wife Goki 後鬼 .



............................................................................ Oita 大分県
直入郡 Naoiri district Yamaga

Fudo Iwa 不動岩 Fudo Rock
Once upon a time,
the bottom of the 阿蘇の盆地 Plain of Aso was a lake.
A demon tried to fill the lake with earch and carried earth to the place, but he broke the pole of his carrier. The earth fell down and this became 上萩岳 Upper Ogidake mountain and下萩岳 Lower Ogidake mountain.
The Demon became angry and pressed against the boulder 不動岩 Fudo-Iwa but could not move it. Since that time, there are the remains of the demon's head, back and both hands on the boulder.

. Oita 大分県の鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends .



This formation was named in the Heian Period by a mountain ascetic who venerated Fudo Myo-O here. It has three Fudo Rocks, the front, middle and back Fudo. The highest Front Fudo, Mae Fudo 前不動 is 80 meters high and more than 100 meters in circumference.

There are three huge rocks on this hill in Yamaga city which are collectively called "Fudo Iwa" which means literally immovable rocks. These rocks are individually known as: Mae-Fudo, Naka-Fudo, and Ato-Fudo.
Mae-Fudo is the biggest one, and from here you have a great view of mountain and sunset.

There is a story about these rocks that once upon a time,
Fudo-Iwa and Hikodake (Mt. Hiko, located in Yamaga city) were step-brothers. Their mother always treated only Fudo-Iwa with affection because she gave birth to him, but treated the other Hikodake harshly.
One day,
the mother told them to try the pulling rope game with their neck. She said, I will give the family treasure of 3 balls handed down for long time to the winner. When they started the game, because he was always eating soft and tasty beans the head of Fudo-Iwa came off easily and fell into the Kubishi Pass where it remains turned into stone.
Now it is said
that the rest of the body of Fudo-Iwa is the Fudo Iwa at present. Because Hikodake was always eating hard beans, he grew so big and tough. There is a footpath around here to enjoy walking while looking at the seasonal flowers until you reach to the observatory.
. Fudoo Iwa 不動岩 Fudo Rocks - Introcuction .



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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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不動明王の邪鬼退治図 Fudo driving out the Jaki


source : subarukouboushop.hamazo.tv


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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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5/12/2016

tsukimono bewitched

- yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters -
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- tsukimono 憑き物 bewitched, possessed -

Being bewitched by a fox, badger, a Yokai or other ill-meaning foe was pretty common in Japan,
there are many legends and tales about it.

Another expression, often used with the fox or badger, is
kitsune ni bakasareru 狐に化かされる

Here is also a book on how to get rid of a possession or bewitchment.



憑き物の落とし方 ― 自分でできる陰陽道の作法
石田千尋

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- quote -
Tsukimono – The Possessing Thing
There are eight million gods and monsters in Japan, and more than a few of them like to ride around in human bodies from time to time. Yurei. Kappa. Tanuki. Tengu. Kitsune. Snakes. Cats. Horses. Almost anything can possess a human. But when they do, they are all known by a single name—Tsukimono, the Possessing Things.

What Does Tsukimono Mean?
Tsukimono is a straight forward term. It combines the kanji 憑 (tsuki; possession) + 物 (mono; thing). There is a different word for actual possession 憑依 (hyoi), which is the kanji 憑 (tsuki again, but this time pronounced hyo—because Japanese is hard) + 依 (I; caused by).

Although they are collectively known as tsukimono, different types of tsukimono use –tsuki as a suffix, such as kappa-tsuki (河童憑; kappa possession), tengu-tsuki (天狗憑; tengu possession), or the most common of all, kitsune-tsuki (狐憑; fox possession).

(憑 is an odd kanji by the way. It can do double duty not only as the verb tsuku (憑く; to possess) but also as a kanji for tanomu (憑む; to ask a favor). So in a strange way, possession means asking a favor of someone—really, really hard.)

Shinto God Possession
“The number of possessing spirits in Japan is something enormous. It is safe to say that no other nation of forty millions of people has ever produced its parallel" - Percival Lowell .....
..... this kind of God Possession—known alternately as kamiyadori (神宿り; kami dwelling), kamioroshi (神降ろし; kami descending), or kamigakari (神懸り; divine possession) –is different from tsukimono. .....

Tsukimono – Yokai and Animal Possession .....
..... it is always involuntary on the part of the possessed. No one invites a tsukimono into their body. .....
Types of Tsukimono – Snakes, Foxes, and Everything Else.....
- - - - - Mizuki Shigeru agrees with Percival Lowell. In his Mujyara, series he identifies the following types of possession. It is is by no means meant to be a complete list:

• Jizo-tsuki – Possession by Jizo
• Hannya-tsuki – Hannya possession
• Gaki-tsuki – Hungry Ghost possession
• Ikiryo-tsuki – Living Ghost possession
• Shibito-tsuki – Ghost possession
• Kappa-tsuki – Kappa possession
• Tengu-tsuki – Tengu possession
• Neko-tsuki – Cat possession
• Hebi-tsuki – Snake possession
• Tanuki-tsuki – Tanuki possession
• Uma-tsuki – Horse possession
• Inu-tsuki – Dog possession
• Kitsune-tsuki – Fox possession




Kitsune-tsuki is by far the most common type of tsukimono. It is also different from other tsukimono—instead of the possessed taking on fox-attributes, kitsune-tsuki feels like a bodily attack, with shortness of breath, phantom pains, speaking in strange voices, and epileptic fits. Kitsune-tsuki symptoms resembled classic demonic possession in Western culture.
- read the article here
- source : Zack Davisson -

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- quote
Witchcraft in Japan: The Roots of Magical Girls
..... Just like in the West, people in pre-modern Japan often explained phenomena like illness, floods and other misfortunes with evil spirits. In Japan’s case, these evil spirits were thought to take the shape of animals: dogs, badgers, and especially foxes. These tsukimono (憑き物, “possessing beings”) took possession of people in their search for food or other creature comforts. When they did so, bad luck, illness, and other misfortunes befell the possessed and those around them.



Alternatively, some people weren’t possessed by tsukimono but kept them as pets or familiars. It is these people who are considered witches. Having tsukimono was usually a family affair. Families who owned tsukimono were known as tsukimono-suji (憑き物筋) or tsukimono-zukai (憑き物使い). In these cases, the tsukimono could have a beneficial impact on their handlers, bringing wealth and prosperity. And on the flip side, they were thought to bring illness and bad luck to anyone the owners dislike. This resulted in the families being feared and respected, but also ostracized.

People were hesitant to do business with such a family, and they had trouble selling property. In addition, the tsukimono were inheritable through the female line, making it nearly impossible for these women to find husbands. Tsukimono could not be disinherited or disowned, but one could attempt exorcisms with a Shinto priest, female medium or other spirit specialists. In Tohoku and Kyushu prefectures, religious practitioners and not families were thought to wield tsukimono. So these people could not only cure you of tsukimono possession but curse you with it, too.

Often these tsukimono-suji were simply wealthier than their neighbors. When jealous tongues started wagging and the rumors stuck, the family would be marked forever. As in Europe and America, being accused of this sort of witchcraft had a negative impact on the families’ lives. Nevertheless, belief in these tsukimono was widespread. Cases of spirit possession as late as 1997 have been recorded.

In Japan, witchcraft wasn’t exclusive to women, although it’s interesting to note that the tsukimono are passed down generation to generation through the female line. This seems to affirm a widespread global belief that women are more capable of – and likely to be involved in – witchcraft.

Perhaps predictably, cats also feature in Japanese witch stories. Hundreds of years ago, it was a common belief that girls who visited a temple after the sun went down risked being targeted by a witch. The witch, disguised as a kindly old woman, would lure the girl to her house with the promise of a warm bed for the night. Once inside, the witch would resume her ordinary, frightening form and promptly devour the girl. And because cats often hung around temples, it was believed that they were witches in disguise, waiting for their next victim.



Today, a witch can be good or evil, and not always as self-serving as our ancestors believed. Japan’s magical girls have come a long way from their spirit-wielding roots and are hardly seen as evildoers but rather as guardians and protectors. Looking at certain prominent anime and manga that feature magical girls, one will notice that there’s always some sort of familiar either bestowing the magical gift upon the protagonists or, at least, helping out with it. .....
- source : japanistas.com/en/archives

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憑き物 - 鳥飼 否宇


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. Jizo Bosatsu - 地蔵菩薩 .

Jizoo tsuki 地蔵憑き Possession by Jizo

Tofu Jizo 豆腐地蔵
山梨県飽海郡松山町竹田 Yamanashi, 善応寺 Zeno-Ji
相馬地方では大病の人、もしくは紛失物などがある時は「地蔵憑け」という事をする。それは村の老婆や婦人などがやって来て円形に座り、村でもあまり賢くない子供一人を中に入れ、子供にお札を持たせ、周囲の人が口々に、
南無地蔵大菩薩 おつきやれ 地蔵さん 地蔵さん 地蔵さん 
とせめ立てると中の子供は一種の催眠作用か、ぶるぶると札をふるわせれば地蔵さんは憑いたのである。それを見て色々病のことなれば、薬の処方、又は医者の方角、失せ物なれば、その方角、距離、出るか、出ないかを聞くのである。それが当たる様で、時々地蔵憑きをする。
- reference : jabaranran.blogspot.jp/2014 -

- reference -

. Bakejizo, Bake-Jizo 化け地蔵 / 化地蔵 Jizo as a yokai monster .
obake Jizoo お化け地蔵 O-bake Jizo

. 東福院 Tofuku-In Tokyo .
豆腐地蔵 Tofu Bean Curd Jizo at Tofuku-in Temple

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. possessed by a fox 狐憑き .

. possessed by a Tanuki badger 狸憑き .


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
226 憑き物 to explore

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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .


. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #tsukimono #bewitched #possessed -
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12/01/2015

Kappa Legends Contents

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. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .
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- Kappa Legends to explore -

- quote
近藤せいけんによるかっぱのお話。

*** かっぱのお話 ***
①相模川の河童
②太郎河童の夢
③相模のかっぱ漬け
④河童のお使い
⑤相模の河童さくらの宴へ
⑥相模の河童まつり
⑦相模の河童まつり宴たけなわ
⑧相模の河童村 三流
⑨河童の名工 甚五郎
⑩名工甚五郎とかっぱ堂
⑪太郎河童と小童
⑫かっぱ村三流のお土産
⑬厚木宿のかっぱ屋
⑭かっぱのなみだ 1 Kappa no namida - tears of Kappa

中津川の鮎姫
小鮎川のかっぱと白龍
*** かっぱの詩 ***
かっぱ音頭
かっぱサンバ

- the hyperlinks are here
- source : kindai-karate.jp/minwa_kappa


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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .


. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kappalegends -
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9/03/2015

Miyazaki Kappa Legends

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- KAPPA 河童 伝説 / かっぱ / カッパ - Legends -
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- Kappa Legends from Miyazaki  河童伝説 - 宮崎県


- KAPPA 河童伝説 - 九州 - Legends from Kyushu -
- Introduction -
Fukuoka / Kagoshima / Kumamoto / Nagasaki / Oita / Saga



CLICK for more photos from Kappa in Kyushu.

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- - - - - In Miyazaki, the Kappa is known by many names locally:

. hyoosubo ヒョウスボ カッパ /兵主坊 Hyosubo .
Suiten 水天, 水神 deity of the water and also deity of the mountains (Yama no Kami 山の神)
ひょうすんぼ Hyosunbo
ひょうすえ Hyosue、ひょうすぼ, ヒョオスボ Hyoosubo、ヒョウスンボ Hyoosunbo、ひょうすんべ Hyoosunbe

ガラッパ Garappa. ガマジロ Gamajiro and ガマジロドン, Gamajiro don, ガオロ Gaoro, ガグレサァ Gaguressa, ガツラ Gatsura, 。ガマッパ Gamappa, ガラッパ Garappa, ガラッポ Garappo, ガランボ Garanbo,
ガワタロ Gawataro, ダワタロオ Gawataroo, カワッパ Kawappa, ガワッパ Gawappa,
カワノトノ Kawa no Ton, ガワロ Gawaro,
スイテンボオズ Suiten Boozu, 。セコボオ Sekoboo,
ガグレ Gagure, ガグレン Gaguren, カリコボウ Karikobo,
ヤマンヒト Yama no Hito (Man of the Mountain) / カワンヒト Kawa no Hito (Man of the River)
カッパワロ Kappawaro

gawa is another reading of kawa, river.




Kappa Iwa 河童岩 The Kappa Rock
Once upon a time
there lived one Kappa in the river. One day many children came to the river to play and threw a white pebble 白い小石 in the water. Now they jumped in and tried to find the white stone.
Suddenly, the Kappa appeared in the water and asked:
"May I become your friend and play with you?"
But the children knew that a Kappa will pull out and eat their anus, so they became afraid and wanted to run away.


Illustration by かわさき えり Kawasaki Eri

But the Kappa called on them:
"Let's have a competition and see who wins. I will give this fish to the winner!"
He showed them a fish on a bamboo skewer.

The rest of the story is here in Japanese
- source : minwa.fujipan.co.jp/area/miyazaki -
宮崎県の昔話
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Karikoboo カリコボウ / かりこ坊 Karikobo, Karkio Bo, the Kappa
Kakariboozu カリコボウズ Kakari Bozu


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In the 米良市 Mera district
かりこ坊 Karikobo is venerated as Yama no Kami 山の神 a deity of the Mountain. He likes to play tricks on people, especially imitating the sound in the forest like cutting a tree or causing a landslide or shooting a hunter's guns. But he never puts humans into real danger. When people hear him making strange sounds, it is best to keep quiet and pretend not to hear anything.

. doshakuzure 土砂崩れ landslide legends .

If you think he is close, he will show up far in the mountain. If you think he is down in the valley, he will shout out high in the moutain.
If he comes close, animals will catch its vibes and become afraid. Dogs and horses are expecially sensitive to his appearance.

He likes to take a bath. If you do not keep the bath water boiling hot, he will sneek into the bathroom. If he has taken a bath in a home, the water becomes all smelly like the toilet.

At the 秋彼岸 Autumn solstice he begins to walk up the mountain ridge (to become Yama no Kami, Deity of the Mountain.
A the 春彼岸 Spring solstice he comes down to the river (to become Kawa no Kami, Deity of the River and Water).

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児湯郡 Koyu district 西米良村 Nishi Mera

Hyosubo ひょすぼ / Hyoosunbo ひょうすんぼ
Once a Samurai killed a かりこ坊 Kariko Bo by accident and burried him secretely.
His wife soon became pregnant, but the child was killed by the Kariko Bo.
A Mountain Priest told them this was the curse of the Mountain Deity, so they built a proper grave 山神塚 for the dead Kariko Bo.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -



source : fragezeichen.web.fc2.com/mononoke

佐脇嵩之 Sawaki Suoshi (1707 - 1772)

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....................................................................... Miyazaki 宮崎県 

. Kappa and Legends with tofu  豆腐伝説 .
from temple 泉福寺 Zenpuku-Ji, Takachiho

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On the 5th day of the 5th lunar month (Boy's Festival) you have to eat tsunonoboo つののぼう (?角の坊) to prevent water accidents caused by the Kappa.
Once a Kappa invited a farmer to do Sumo wrestling, but the farmer refused, saying he has to go home to eat tsunonoboo. This kept him safe from the mischievious Kappa.


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木城町 Kijo



At the Kawabaru Nature Park かわばる自然公園 is a bronze statue of a Kappa.

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Every year after the autumn equinox the Kappa climbs to the mountain, moaning ピーヒョピーヒョ (piihiyo piihiyo) and playing tricks on the way.
Once he used the bath of a home on his way and people know he was there when the bathwater was all black and smelled terrible. So the farmer captured a monkey and bound him to the bathroom wall 風呂場. The Kappa came at night and was surprized, got angry and shook the house like in an earthquake. Then he left and never came back.

Once there lived a Kappa family near the riverpool. When the farmer gave them three tail hairs of his horse for fishing, the Kappa showed great gratitude to the family.


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Hyoosunbo ひょうすんぼ Hyosunbo

In the year 1489 an ancestor of the 正一家 Masakazu family wanted to cross the river on a horse. A Hyosunbo grabed the tail of the horse and to get rid of him he had to cut off the right arm and take it home. Later the Hyosunbo came to his house and asked for his arm back. To show his gratitude he showed the family how to make medicine using the bark of the mountain peach tree (yamamomo 山桃の木, Myrica rubra), 茶の葉 tea leaves and もち米 mochigome sticky rice. This powerful medicine heals broken bones, bruises and even stomach ailments.
The family brings ritual sake and thank-you offerings to the river every year on the last day of december.


Hyosunbo, this is a Yokai monster with the name Hyoosube ひょうすべ Hyosube
ひょうすえ Hyosue、ひょうすぼ Hyoosubo、ヒョウスンボ Hyoosunbo、ひょうすんべ Hyoosunbe

. Hyōzu 兵主神 Hyozu no Kami .
and
兵主部 Hyōsube the Yokai Monster


and a strong liquor with this name 芋焼酎 ひょうすんぼ
from 松露酒造 Shoro Shozo / 宮崎県串間市




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清武町 Kiyotake - Ioya Kiyotakechō Funahiki

The company 庵屋の北山様 Kitayama sama from Ioya venerated the Kappa.
Once a villager had shot a Kappa carrying some cucumbers. But afterwards that man got ill himself and died.
So now they venerate the Kappa.

In a pond with cold water in the dark forest below a sanctuary there lives a Kappa.

There is also a liquor made in Kiyotake, with the name
Kappa no sasoi-mizu 河童の誘い水 "water to invite a Kappa".



宮崎県宮崎市清武町加納甲2677−1

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上使橋 Joshibashi

The Kappa from the bridge Joshibashi tried to pull a horse into the river but got caught.


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宮崎市 Miyazaki town

A Kappa from the waterway of 松井いぜき / 井堰 Matsui Izeki had come to a farmhouse to get the liver of a horse. But two strong men named 太吉 Takichi and 次郎 Jiro made sure the Kappa did not come.



松井用水路 / いぜき waterways and seki せき(堰) weirs along the river 清武川 Kiyotakegawa.
This has been constructed by the official 松井五朗兵衛 Matsui Gorobei from 飫肥 Obi around 1643 to gain farmland for the poor villagers.


source : Kyushu regional agricaltual administration office

In 1934 the weir had been rebuilt in concrete.


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西臼杵郡 Nishiusuki 高千穂町 Takachiho

On the border of Kumamoto, Oita and Miyazaki there is upstream the shrine 川上神社 Kawakami Jinja.
Once a Kappa came to the priest Ando 安藤氏 and asked to remove the Yatsume 八つ目のもの. The priest demanded in return that the Kappa would not take away the children of the village any more and then let him go.
The Yatsume was in fact the harrow used for preparing the rice fields 馬鍬. To show his gratitude the Kappa brought fresh fish every day.
But one day, when the priest had forgotten to take away his knife at the fish deposit, the Kappa did not come any more. And children began to have water accidents again. Therefore priest Ando took his knife again and cut off the arm of the Kappa. This arm is still in the possession of the temple to our day - or so they say.

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川太郎湯 Kawataro Yu in Takachiho

Once people dug a dent into the riverbed, stopped the water into a pool and threw hot stones in it for a bath. Then suddenly a Kappa also slipped into the hot water and in no time the water became lukewarm. But this "hot spring" is said to heal all kinds of ailments.


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高鍋町 Takanabe

In the garden of 鴫野の水神様 the Water Deity of Shigino a Kappa came for a complaint.
The horse of the deity had been to the river nearby and bitten off the arm of the Kappa.
After a discussion they burried it near Mount Utonoyama ウトノヤマ, a place rather dark even in daytime. Now the Kappa came back every day to ask for his arm and eventually they showed him the place. Since then the Kappa never showed up again.


There are also ひょうすん坊 Hyosunbo legends in Takanabe.
高鍋ひょうすんぼ伝説
There is also a pub called like this 「ひょうすんぼ」という居酒屋
and a Hyosunbo road with many Kappa statues called 「ひょうすんぼ通り」


statue at Hyosunbo Road

Takanabe is next to 木城町 Kijo town.

Once upon a LONG time,
there lived a good priest and his young acolyte in the temple Enpuku-Ji 宮田の円福寺 . . .

- and another legend

むか~しむかし、 Once upon a LONG time,
木の瀬の小丸川河原は ものすごく川幅の広い瀬になってました。
しかも水がとてもキレイで、川遊びのメッカになってました。
大人も子供も 魚を取ったり水遊びしたり、それは大賑わいだったそうです。
- source : miyazaki-cci.or.jp/takanabe -



Hyosunbo Kappa Kokeshi ひょうすんぼ


source : kappauv.com kokeshi


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- - - - - reference - - - - -
- source : Yokai Database -

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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- KAPPA 河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - Legends -
- Introduction -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. mukashibanashi 昔話 folktales - Introduction .
the distinction to legends is sometimes blurred.


. Kappa ishi 河童石 Kappa stone legends
Kappa iwa かっぱ岩 Kappa boulder, Kappa rock .



. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kappamiyazaki #miyazakilegends #hyosunbo -
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