Showing posts with label - - Yokai Monsters Demons - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - Yokai Monsters Demons - -. Show all posts

3/06/2020

Amabie and Epidemics

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
teijin 氐人 , see below
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Amabie アマビエ
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Amabie (アマビエ)
is a legendary Japanese mermaid who allegedly emerges from the sea and prophesies either an abundant harvest or an epidemic. There are other mermaids and mermen known by other names but considered identical.
The male amabiko (アマビコ, 天日子) or amahiko (尼彦, あま彦, 天彦),
the amahiko-nyūdo (尼彦入道), and
the elusive arie (アリエ)..


CLICK for more photos !

- Legend
Amabie appeared in Higo Province (Kumamoto Prefecture) according to legend, around the middle of the 4th month, in the year Kōka-3 (mid-May, 1846) in the Edo era. A glowing object had been spotted in the sea, almost on a nightly basis. The town's official went to the coast to investigate, and witnessed the amabie. She had a mouth like bird's bill, and was covered in scales from the neck down. Addressing the official, she identified herself as an amabie and told him that she lived in the open sea. She went on to deliver a prophecy: "Good harvest will continue for six years,
if disease spreads show a picture of me to those who fall ill and they will be cured." Afterwards, she returned the sea. The story was printed in the kawaraban (woodblock-printed bulletins), where her likeness was printed, and this is how the story disseminated in Japan.

- Similar yōkai
A yōkai creature considered identical to Amabie is the merman named Amahiko (尼彦), which reputedly appeared in the sea of Higo Province. This Amahiko resembled Amabie in that it also made predictions of bountiful harvests or pestilence, and prescribed displaying the picture of his likeness in order to avoid catastrophe. The Amahiko Nyūdo (尼彦入道 "the amahiko monk") of Hyuga Province (Miyazaki prefecture) was another creature considered of the same kind, who appeared and pronounced his prophecy.

A similar creature named Arie (アリエ) appeared in "Aoshima-gun" county, Higo Province, according to the Yamanashi Nichinichi Shinbun newspaper dated 17 June 1876, although this report has been debunked by another paper. The Yūbin Hōchi Shinbun dated 10 June 1876 also carried an article about Amahiko.

The three creatures share these common characteristics:
1) appearance from the sea, 2) prediction of good harvest and the plague, and 3) a solution of disaster by showing the apparition's picture, and on that account have been considered identical.

The Amahiko no Mikoto (天日子尊 the holy Amahiko) was spotted in a rice paddy in Yuzawa, Niigata, as reported by the Tokyo Nichinichi shinbun dated 8 August 1875.
The Yamawarawa (山童 the mountain child- Kappa) in the folklore of Amakusa is believed to haunt the mountains. Although neither of these last two emerge from sea, other similarities such as prophesying indicate they belong to the same kind.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Mermaids .
- Introduction -

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. coronavirus in Japan コロナウイルス - 2020 - COVID-19 .


. hayariyamai はやり病 / 流行病と伝説 Legends about epidemics .
densenbyoo 伝染病 Densenbyo contagious diseases / pandemic
ekiri 疫痢 plague

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Amabie with a fugu 河豚 blowfish for more power !
At the Shrine 亀山八幡宮 Kameyama Hachimangu




- quote -
下関・亀山八幡宮、アマビエ描いた御朱印郵送始める
新型コロナウイルスに対する不安を減らそうと、疫病退散に御利益があるとされる妖怪「アマビエ」を描いた御朱印が、山口県下関市中之町の亀山八幡宮で授与されている。御朱印は本来、参拝者に授与しているが、現在は境内に人が集まらないように希望者への郵送で対応している。
アマビエは、うろこに覆われた胴体や、長髪が特徴の半人半魚の妖怪。江戸時代に現在の熊本県沖に現れ、「疫病が流行したときは私の姿を絵に描いて人々に見せよ」と言い残して海に消えたとされる。ウイルス感染が拡大する中、芸能人やイラストレーターが疫病退散を願って描いたイラストをネット上に投稿したり、各地でグッズや和菓子が生まれたりしている。
亀山八幡宮は「(感染を懸念して)参拝を控える人たちの不安な気持ちが少しでも落ち着けば」と、アマビエの御朱印を発案。神職の見習いに当たる出仕の大鳥居奨(つとむ)さん(23)が宿直の夜にイラストを描いた。図案はアマビエがフグを持っている姿で、神職の竹中信彦さん(45)は「届いたら神社の方向へお祈りして、終息したときに参拝していただければ。疫病が去って福が来ることを願います」と話した。
フグを持つアマビエの御朱印
アマビエの御朱印は、他の御朱印(初穂料500~1000円)と一緒に授与している。郵送の申し込みなど問い合わせは亀山八幡宮社務所(083・231・1323)。
【佐藤緑平】
- reference source : Mainihci Shinbun 2020/05/13-




- Homepage of the Shrine
- kameyamagu.com... -

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fugu is a play of words with fuku, to bring good luck and happiness!
. fugu 河豚 / 鰒 / 鯸 / 魨 blowfish, puffer fish, globe fish .




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- quote -

新型コロナ終息願う アマビエ像 Statue of Amabie
天草市の神社に、疫病から人々を守る熊本の妖怪とされる「アマビエ」をかたどった石像が祭られています。
石像は、天草市有明町の大島子諏訪神社の境内に今月11日に祭られました。
石像は高さ45センチで、墓石などに使われる灰色の「唐津石」を材料に、くちばしやうろこが立体的に作られていて、境内の参道横の、およそ1メートルの台座の上に祭られています。
神社の山浦一男宮司によると、明治時代、赤痢などの疫病がはやったとき、地域の人々がこの神社のそばにあった石神のほこらにサカキを供えて祈ったという言い伝えがあり、今回も新型コロナウイルスの一日も早い終息を願って、神社に石像を祭ることにしたということです。
参拝に訪れた人たちは、手を合わせたり頭をなでるなどして一日も早い終息を願っていました。
大島子諏訪神社の山浦一男宮司は「かわいらしい石像を手でなでるなどして和んでいただいて、心も癒やしていただければと思います」と話していました。
- reference source : NHK news 2020/05/15 -


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- quote -

Meet the Japanese Yokai That Will Save us From the Coronavirus
By Kirsty Kawano May 20, 2020
- source : blog.gaijinpot.com... -


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wagashi アマビエ和菓子 Amabie sweets





- CLICK for more photos ! -


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Amabie Daruma アマビエ だるま









. . . CLICK here for more Photos !


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- quote -

'Amabie'-shaped bread popular amid outbreak
Bread shaped like a mythical mermaid-like monster that folklore says repels plagues is proving popular in Japan as people hope for the end of the coronavirus outbreak.
A cafe in the city of Uruma,
Okinawa Prefecture, started selling the bread, which looks like Amabie, last month.
The bread is made from locally-sourced ingredients,
including yellow potato for the monster's long hair and beak, and red sweet potato for the body.
The cafe has closed temporarily
since early last month due to the outbreak. But orders have been pouring in from across the country after it began selling the product online.
A representative of the cafe says
she hopes the bread will make people smile and help boost their immunity so that the outbreak will end as soon as possible.
- source : NHK 2020 -


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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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yogen no tori 予言の鳥 / ヨゲンノトリ prophecy bird



- quote -
Appearance: Y
ogen no tori are prophetic birds which resemble two-headed crows. One of their heads is white. They can speak, and are sent by the gods to deliver important messages to humanity such as warnings about epidemics.
Behavior:
Like most prophetic yōkai, nothing is known of yogen no tori’s natural behavior, as they are only seen when there is an important message to deliver.
Interactions:
In addition to delivering an important message, yogen no tori are such holy animals that merely an image of them is enough to keep the evil spirits which cause disease away. Regularly looking at a picture of a yogen no tori is said to protect the viewer from harm.
Origin:
The story of the yogen no tori follows an Edo Period pattern of yokai warning about outbreaks and offering their image as protection. Contagious diseases like cholera are spread by invisible means, and for a long time there were no known cures or methods of protection against them. Amulets, talismans, and image of holy yōkai might not have done much to actually prevent sickness, but the willingness of people to cling to their promise of salvation is understandable.
Legends:
A serious cholera outbreak struck Japan in the summer of 1858. During the outbreak, a government official from Kai Province (Yamanashi Prefecture) named Kizaemon, discovered the legend of the yogen no tori and reported it in Bōshabyō ryūkō nikki, a journal detailing the outbreak.
According to his report, a yogen no tori was sighted in December of 1857 near Mount Haku in Kaga Province (present-day Ishikawa Prefecture). The bird foretold, “Around August or September of next year, a disaster will occur, killing 90% of the world’s population. Those who gaze upon my image morning and night and believe in me will be spared from this suffering.”
Kizaemon believed the yogen no tori to be a messenger from the gods. He declared it to be a symbol of the great power of Kumano Gongen. An illustration of the bird was printed alongside the report so people could see it and receive its protective powers.
- source : yokai.com/yogennotori -


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Teijin 氐人【テイジン】dī rén
A Yokai monster from China.
A kind of merman, half fish half male human.



中国に伝わる人魚のような怪人のこと。
氐人国に住んでいるといわれ、資料には上半身が男性の人魚の姿で描かれている。
人魚の一種とされる
- reference source : chinki-note.blogspot... -


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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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- #amabie #mermaid #covid19 #coronavirus #amabiko #amahiko #pandemic #epidemic #teijin -
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8/14/2018

Mizuki Shigeru Oni

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Mizuki Shigeru 水木しげる Shigeru Mizuki
Shigeru Mura (武良茂 Mura Shigeru)



Goyu - 36 Stations of the Yokai Road - Mizuki Shigeru

. yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - ABC-List - .


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oni 鬼 demon


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. Amanojaku 天の邪鬼 / 天邪鬼 Heavenly Evil Spirit .


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. Gegege no Kitaro .
and more about Mizuki Shigeru


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. - - - Join the Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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- #mizukishigeru #shigerumizuki -
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7/02/2018

Mikaribaba, Mikari basan Yokai

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Mikaribaba, Mikari Basan 蓑借り婆さん / ミカリバアサン "old hag Mikari"
みかり婆




- quote
Mikaribaba
In Yokohama and Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, the Chiba Prefecture, and Tokyo etc., they would visit people's homes on the 8th day of the 12th month and the 8th day of the 2nd month on the lunisolar calendar, and they are said to borrow sieves and human's eyes. They are said to visit people's home together with a hitotsume-kozō.。


mekago 目篭 / 目籠 to catch the evil.

In order to avoid a mikaribaba, one would leave a basket or zaru at the entrance of the home, and it is said to be effective to put the tip of a rod into the bamboo basket and make it stand on the ridge of the house's roof. It is said that this is in order to make the one-eyed mikaribaba make it seem like as if there were plenty of eyes (stitches).

At the Ura no Yato, Toriyama town, Kōhoku-ku, Yokohama, an avaricious mikaribaba would even come to collect grains of rice that have fallen on the ground, and would cause fires due to the fire in its mouth. In order to avoid this, there is the custom of making a dango called the ツヂョー団子 "tsujoo dango" made from the rice left over from the garden, and put it in the doorway, as a means of saying that there is no more rice to collect.

On the 8th day of the 12th month and the 8th day of the 2nd month on the lunisolar calendar, there is a folk practice called Kotoyōka, and in the past, there were many regions where people would not do any work and confine themselves in their homes.
In the southern part of Chiba Prefecture, on the 26th day of the 11th month of the lunisolar calendar, as a period of about 10 days of seclusion in the home called "mikawari" or "mikari," when it would be taboo to go outside at night or enter the mountains and spend the time in the home quickly avoiding any big noise, lights, hairdressing, or entering bath.
Outside of the Kantō region, at Nishinomiya Shrine in the Hyōgo Prefecture and Kito, Tokushima Prefecture (now Naka), there is a practice of confinement to the house before the festival called "mikari." Rituals like these of secluding oneself in the home have been interpreted as seclusion at home due the appearance of a monster, and it is thought that those monsters are the mikaribaba and the hitotsume-kozō.
It is also said that "mikari" comes from "mikawari" (身変わり), indicating a time different from usual when one observes the practice of confinement at home.
- source : wikipedia



- quote -
Mikari-Baba
she is a Yōkai. She is one of the chosen 47 Yōkai Warriors and represents Kanagawa Prefecture.
She appears in GeGeGe no Kitarō: Nippon Bakuretsu!!
Due to the 5th anime adaption's sudden cancellation at 100 episodes, he is among the 23 Yokai Warriors that were not revealed aside from the movie.
- source : gegegenokitaro.wikia.com/wiki... -


Kandaiji 神大寺村 village, Yokohama
From the first to the fourth sub-district in Yokohama, 神奈川区 Kanagawa district.
Every year on the fourth day of the 12th lunar month, the Yokai ミカリバアサン Mikari Basan comes out.
On this day all things that are usually hung out to dry, like crops or straw sandals, must be brought inside. People prepare offerings of rice dumplings, ツジョウダンゴ tsujoo dango (オッパキダンゴ Oppaki dango and place them at the doorstep.


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source : by cielociel

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Yamanokami 山の神 and Mikari Basan .

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11月25日から12月5日にかけて訪れるという妖怪。オッパキダンゴというのをつくって、戸口に挿し、その禍を防ぐマジナイとしたという。

............................................................................ Kanagawa 神奈川県

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川崎市 Kawasaki

yookazoo 八日ゾウ / 八日僧 monk coming on the eighth day
On the eighth day of the second lunar month, the Yakubyogami is called
me hitotsu kozo 目一つ小僧 young monk with one eye (the same as Hitotsume kozo).
People put up a rod or pole with a basket, as described above. They also leave a bucket with water where rice had been washed in.
When Mehitotsu Kozo tries to drink the water and sees his face reflected, with just one eye, he will be surprized and run away.

. Hitotsume Kozoo 一つ目小僧 Hitotsume Kozo - Young Monk with One Eye . .
. me hitotsu kozoo 目一つ小僧 and Yamanokami .

. Yakubyoogami 疫病神 Yakubyogami, Deity of Diseases .

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Kawasaki 多摩区 Tama district

Makari Basan comes to bring the choomen 帳面 business ledger to the place of the Dosojin 道祖神 wayside gods.


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横浜市 Yokohama

yookadoo ヨウカドウ Yokado


source : wikiwiki.jp/heian...

Mikari Basan comes on the first day of the 12th lunar month. She comes with flames in her mouth, picks up any rice grains and makes dumplings so that there will be no fire.
Hitotsume no Ba 一つ目の婆 The old hag with one eye does not like baskets with many openings (eyes). She can fly all the way to Hakone, but might hit the mountains and fall into the see. So she avoids the Western direction.
Until the 8th day, she writes all the names of ill people in her choomen 帳面 business ledger and brings it to the deity of the fields, サイノ神 Sai no Kami.
This ledger is burned in the ritual fires of サイト焼 Saitoyaki on the 14th day. But she comes back on the 8th day of the 2nd lunar month.
On the 8th day, she passes above the roof, so people put up a basket on a pole.
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She has only one eye and comes on the 8th day of the second and 12th lunar month in some suburbs.
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The first day of the 12th lunar month is called hanayogore no tsuitachi ハナヨゴレの朔日 in some suburbs.
Mikari Basan comes on this day.
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When Mikare Basan was on her way to 佐江戸 Saedo (in Yokohama 横浜市都筑区), she came to the river 恩田川 Ondagawa and fell under the bridge 落合橋 Ochiaibashi.
Since then she never went to Saedo again.


. Sai no kami 幸の神 the God of the Fields.
Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami




............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県

hitotsume 一つ目 one eye
On the 8th day of the second lunar month, the Yokai Mikari Basan or as she is also known, 八日僧 Yokazo are coming.
To prevent her from doing evil, people put special mikari dango ミカリダンゴ rice dumplings on the doorstep and put up a pole with a basket.




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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. . . CLICK here for Photos 箕借り婆 !


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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #mikaribaba #mikari #mikaribasan -
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3/08/2018

Nobusuma wild quilt squirrel bat

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Nobusuma 野衾 (のぶすま)"wild quilt", "wild blanket"
Yokai squirrel, Yokai bat

Sometimes depicted as a flying squirrel, sometimes as a huge bat.

. musasabi むささび flying squirrel .
Riesenflughörnchen, Petaurista leucogenys
momonga ももんが small flying squirrel, Pteromys momonga

. koomori 蝙蝠 (こうもり) Komori bat, Fledermaus .



. . . . . fusuma - introduction . . . . .

fusuma 衾 (ふすま) a kind of down futon blanket / Daunendecke
... kakebusuma 掛衾(かけぶすま)blanket to cover you
... shikibusuma 敷衾(しきぶすま)blanket to lie on
furubusuma 古衾(ふるぶすま)old futon blanket
kamibusuma 紙衾 (かみぶすま) futon from paper, the inside is padded with cotton.
This was used by poor people, using old sliding doors from temples, which were discarded in late autumn.
... Tentokuji 天德寺(てんとくじ)"like in the tempel Tentoku-Ji"

- - - - - not to be mixed with the sliding doors :
fusuma 襖 (ふすま) sliding doors between the rooms,
fusu ma 臥す間, literally, a room (ma) to lie down (fusu), a bedroom.


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by Warriors Of Myth Wiki

- quote
Nobusuma are a type of animal-spirit from Japanese mythology and like most spirits classified as yokai they were once ordinary animals who, upon reaching a great age, were bestowed supernatural powers and new forms by which to live on as lesser deities and/or spirits that haunt the world.
Nobusuma,
despite appearing as flying squirrels, were original bats but tansformed into their current form upon becoming yokai and while primarily seed and fruit-eaters like common squirrels they have also developed unusual tastes for fire and blood.
As such the Nobusuma will attack and kill cats to drain their blood as well as other small animals, they will also ambush humans who are travelling at night and latch onto their faces, either biting and drinking the victim's blood much like vampires or trying to get them to drop their lanterns so they may consume the fire within.
Nobusuma,
while born of ancient bats, are simply the start of an even more frightening transformation and should Nobusuma reach an old age themselves they may change into either the Momonjii or the Yamachichi.
- source : villains.wikia.com/wiki/Nobusuma...



- quote -
. . . ALTERNATE NAME: tobikura (flying warehouse)
HABITAT:
forests and mountains
DIET:
primarily blood; also fire, nuts, fruit and berries
APPEARANCE:
A bat which lives to a very old age develops magical powers and changes into a yokai known as a nobusuma. They look almost identical to musasabi, or Japanese giant flying squirrels, although they are much more dangerous.
BEHAVIOR:
Nobusuma eat nuts, fruit, and berries, but also feed on fire, and by sucking blood from humans and small animals (such as cats). They attack travelers walking the roads at night. They swoop down from the trees onto the faces of their unsuspecting victims, latch on, and begin sucking blood. When they do not need to feed, they simply swoop down and blow out lanterns and torches, flying back up into the night sky with a creepy cry that goes, “gaa gaa!”
ORIGIN:
While nobusuma are born from long-lived bats, the transformation does not stop there.
Once a nobusuma reaches a very old age, it transforms again, either into a yamachichi or a momonjii.
This yokai should not be confused with the nobusuma (野襖) from Kochi prefecture, whose name is pronounced the same but is actually a variety of a different yokai called nurikabe.
- reference source : yokai.com/nobusuma... -



- source : Matt Alt - facebook -


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- by Luke Harrington on Twitter -


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no fuse ma 野伏魔 Nofusema
日本における想像上の動物。衾(ふすま)とは寝るときに体の上にかける夜具のことで、野衾とは現在で言うムササビのことだが、
現在知られる生態の他に、夜道を歩いている人を襲って松明を消したり(あるいはそこから発展して炎を食べるとされたり)、人や家畜を襲って血を吸うと考えられていた。
- reference source : myth.maji.asia... -

fusu ma 臥す間, literally, a room to lie down, a bedroom.

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


Tsukumogami Nobusuma ツクモガミ 野 衾

The folklorist 柳田國男 Yanagida Kunio wrote;
In Tokyo, Nobusuma is seen as a 鼯鼠 Momonga or 蝙蝠 Komori. In some regions of Japan it is just called 衾 Fusuma.
It sneaks up on a person and covers its eyes and mouth.

. Yanagita Kunio 柳田國男 (1875 - 1962) .

- - - - -

Once a bicycle driver found a cat with a Nobusuma wound all around its body, lying by the roadside. He hit the Nobusuma with a stick and killed it. The cat lost one leg in the event.


............................................................................ Miyagi 宮城県

fusuma フスマ same as 野衾 Nobusuma
Is someone walks alone in the evening or at night, the Nobusuma appears like a wall in front of him, spreading in all directions, obstructing the way.
If a person keeps its cool, waits by the roadside and chews some tobacco, the Yokai will disappear.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -



Miyamoto Musashi and the Batlike Monster
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1867)

. 宮本武蔵 Miyamoto Musashi .
(1584 – 1645) - famous swordsman and samurai

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

- Japanese reference - 野衾 -

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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #nobusumayokai -
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8/24/2017

Ino Heitaro Mononoke Roku

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Ino Heitaro 稲生平太郎 and Gonpachi 権八(Gompachi)

The year is 1749. The place is 三好市 広島県 Miyoshi town in Hiroshima.
Heitaro was a samurai of the domain.
He and his friend Gonpachi tried a contest of courage, involving an encounter with various Yokai.
This was a popular summer game reminding people of the
. Hyakki Yagyō 百鬼夜行 "The Night Parade of a Hundred Demons" .

In May they went up to 比熊山 Higumayama and lit 100 candles. Now each one of them had to tell a Yokai ghost story and after each story, one candle was put out.
After the last story was told the last candle was blown out and the two waited in the darkness for any Yokai to make their appearance.
Anyway,
no Yokai appeared for some time that night, so they went back home. But come July, the monsters begun to appear to haunt them . . .
And this story is told in the famous

稲生物怪録 The Ghost Experience of Mr. Ino
- いのうもののけろく Ino Mononoke Roku

- いのうぶっかいろく Ino Bukkai Roku


CLICK for more spooky photos !

For one month, various Yokai appeared day and night, trying to frighten Heitaro, but he never lost his calm and slept well at night.
For example, a huge toad appeared in his cupboard in the evening, with a red rope around its body . . . so Heitaro grabbed the rope and slept . . .
The next morning, the toad showed its real appearance, just the usual big box for cloths in the cupboard.




Another evening, a woman with a long neck came out of the Tokonoma niche from his room
and tried to lick him all night.
But he just ignored her completely and slept well till morning.



Eventually the Yokai gave up, praised his fearlessness and - in a swoop - disappeared from his garden.

This story soon became a picture scroll for all to enjoy.
稲生物怪録絵巻 Ino Mononoke Roku Emaki.

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- quote - YOHEI IZUMIDA -
Spooky ‘yokai’ ghost museum to lure tourists to Hiroshima


An illustration from “Hyakki Yagyo Emaki,” a narrative scroll painting depicting a parade of yokai (Provided by the city government of Miyoshi, Hiroshima Prefecture)

MIYOSHI, Hiroshima Prefecture--
An enthusiast’s extensive collection of paraphernalia related to the "yokai" supernatural beings of Japanese folklore is to be housed in its own museum as part of efforts to attract more visitors here.
The city government decided to construct a purpose-built museum to showcase about 3,000 yokai items amassed by Koichi Yumoto forming the main attraction. The museum is scheduled to open in 2018.

“I want to hand down to posterity Japan’s original culture generated by Japanese people’s imagination,” Yumoto, 66, of Tokyo's Edogawa Ward, has said.
He started collecting yokai-related works of art about 30 years ago, and has spent more than 100 million yen ($882,450) on his hobby to date.

The collection includes precious items, such as “Hyakki Yagyo Emaki,” a narrative scroll painting depicting a parade of yokai, and the renowned ukiyo-e artist Katsushika Hokusai’s spooky tale-themed “nishiki-e” multicolored woodblock print “Hyaku Monogatari” (100 stories).

Miyoshi, located in a mountainous region, has been seeking ways to revitalize itself by taking advantage of the local “mononoke” evil spirits culture.

The area is famous as the setting for “Ino Mononoke Roku,” a story about a young man who battles with evil spirits from the Edo period (1603-1867).

Yumoto’s collection provided a perfect opportunity, and the city teamed up with the yokai enthusiast who had been looking for a facility to display and manage his collection.
Yumoto signed a deal with the city at the end of 2016 to hand over his collection for free on condition that the city would establish a museum specializing in yokai.
The total project cost is estimated at 1.2 billion yen.

“I think yokai are happy about finally having their own museum,” said Yumoto.

Miyoshi Mayor Kazutoshi Masuda expressed his gratitude, saying: “We greatly appreciate the donation of such precious materials. We would like to invigorate the city by utilizing the collection.”
- reference source : Asahi Shinbun 2017 -







平田篤胤が解く稲生物怪録【編著】荒俣宏
Ino mononoke-roku  illustrated by Hirata Atsutane


- another book about the Ino Mononoke Roku

Ino Mononoke Roku to yokai no sekai, Miyoshi no yokai emaki
Hiroshima Kenritsu Rekishi Minzoku Shiryokan, 2004


Miyoshi Fudoki-no-oka History and Folklore Museum
Displays on the history, folklore and archeology of the Chugoku mountain region.
If you have kids who are going to Japanese school or have a high level of Japanese language skills, there are quite a few fun worksheet activities and quizzes to try.
Fragments of the yokai hobgoblins which appear in the Edo-era Ino Mononoke Roku ghost story set in Miyoshi are also scattered around the museum – find them all and stamp your notebook with a special stamp.
- source : ethiroshima.com/museums-attractions... -

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稲生神社 Ino Jinja

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Yokoyama Shigeo 横山茂雄
(1954 - )

The writer Yokoyama Shigeo uses the pen name - Ino Heitaro 稲生平太郎

柳田国男と水野葉舟における怪談観の特徴を焦点化した横山茂雄「怪談の近代 」

神の聖なる天使たち[横山茂雄]

『何かが空を飛んでいる』稲生平太郎 (横山茂雄)

責任編集 若島正+横山茂雄「ドーキー・アーカイヴ」(全10巻)

放課後の物騙り、存在の夏休み――稲生平太郎/横山茂雄

- source : wikipedia


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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #yokoyamashigeo #inoheitaro -
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5/20/2017

Buson Yokai Monster Scroll

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Buson Yokai Emaki 蕪村妖怪絵巻 Buson Monster Scroll

. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 (1715 - 1783) Painter and Poet .
- Introduction -

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おれのはらのかわをためしてみおれ、にゃあ、にゃあ
try to shoot the skin of my belly, nyaa, nyaa


He painted this scroll while he was living in 丹後 Tango, 京都府宮津市 Kyoto, Miyazu city from 1754 - 1757.
The original did not show any colors, but a replica (like the above copy) introduced some colors to it.

A replica had been found in 1928 in 北田紫水文庫, a library.
There are 8 scrolls, each showing a Yokai with an explanation, which Buson might have encountered during his extensive travels in Japan.
The Yokai paintings are rather humorous and not so much scary, maybe reflecting Buson's history of a 俳画 Haiga painter.

The eight Yokai introduced are
榊原家の化け猫 Sakakibara family - bake-neko monster cat
林一角坊の前に現れた赤子の怪 Priest Hayashi Ikkaku and the Akago monster baby
京都帷子が辻のぬっぽり坊主 Kyoto Katabiragatsuji crossroads - Nuppori Bozu - see Shirime
遠州の夜なきばば Enshu (Shizuoka) - yonaki baba
山城の真桑瓜の化物 Yamashiro - Makura uri - melon monster
木津の西瓜の化物 Kizu - suika water melon monster
東北横手のうぶめ Tohoku, Yokote - Ubume wet nurse monster



鎌倉若八幡銀杏の化物 Kamakura Waka-Hachiman Gingko Tree Monster
化け銀杏の精(ばけいちょうのせい)/ 化け銀杏の霊(ばけいちょうのれい)
Its face, arms and legs are yellow. It wears a black robe and hits a prayer gong.
In former times, the Gingko tree was seen as unlucky. If someone planted it in his home, disaster would follow soon.

- Look at them here - ゲゲゲの蕪村妖怪絵巻
京都府立丹後資料館「与謝蕪村と丹後」
- reference source : kensyouji.main.jp/buson_youkai -


- reference : Buson monster scroll


. The Kamakura Gingko Tree - Introduction .

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- quote -
Shirime 尻目 lit. "buttocks eye" - “butt eye”
is a strange yōkai with an eye in the place of his anus.
The story goes as follows:
Long ago, a samurai was walking at night down the road to Kyōto, when he heard someone calling out for him to wait. "Who's there?!" he asked nervously, only to turn around and find a man stripping off his clothes and pointing his bare buttocks at the flabbergasted traveler. A huge glittering eye then opened up where the strange man's anus should have been.

This creature was so liked by the haiku poet and artist Buson, he included it in many of his yōkai paintings.
- source : wikipedia -

京、かたびらが辻ぬっぽり坊主のばけもの。 めはなもなく、一ツの眼、尻の穴に有りて、 光ることいなづまのごとし。

“In Kyoto, at the Katabira crossroads, there is a monster called nuppori-bōzu.
It has no eyes or nose, but a single eyeball, located in its butthole, which shines like lightning.”
MatthewMeyer.net

- further reference : shirime -


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tsukumogami 付喪神 Yokai of old household items


bake-zoori 化け草履 Yokai sandals


. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 .

古池に草履沈みてみぞれかな
furu-ike ni zoori shizumite mizore kana

In an old pond
a straw sandal half sunken --
wet snow!

Tr. Shiffert


Straw sandal
half sunk in an old pond
in the sleety snow.  

Tr. Robert Hass

Buson was quite fond of Yokai and 付喪神 Tsukumogami.
Someone had cast away the old sandal and the sleet gave the atmosphere of loneliness,
even remembering Basho in the first line.

The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.

. tsukumogami 付喪神 - Introduction .

. Japanese Ghost Stories 怪談話 Kaidanbanashii - Introduction .

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

Buson has written some haiku about the Oni.

. Togakushi Shrine 戸隠神社 - Nagano .

鬼すだく戸隠のふもとそばの花
oni sudaku Togakushi no fumoto soba no hana

the demon is out -
at the food of Mount Togakushi
buckwheat flowers

Tr. Gabi Greve


- quote Sean Donnan Art -
CLICK for more photos !

Buson is talking about
kijo momiji 鬼女紅葉 The Female Demon called "Momiji"

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鬼老て河原の院の月に泣く
oni oite kawara no in no tsuki ni naku

Even the ogre has grown old and
At the Kawara Palace
Weeps in the moonlight.

Tr. Thomas McAuley

Kawara no In - "Riverside Villa" of the courtier Minamoto no Torn (822-895) .
- reference : "Kawara no in" -

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花見戻り丹波の鬼のすだく夜に
hanami modori Tanba no oni no sudaku yo ni

鬼灯や清原の女が生き写し
hoozuki ya kiyohara no onna ga iki-utsushi

鬼王が妻におくれしふすまかな
oni oo ga tsuma ni okureshi fusuma kana

鬼すだく露のやどりやのちの月
oni sudaku tsuyu no yadori ya nochi no tsuki

鬼貫や新酒の中の貧に処す
Onitsura ya shinshu no naka no bin ni shosu
ー 鬼貫は伊丹の造り酒屋の息子さんでお金持ちだったとのこと句の意味はこれから調べてみます


焼火して鬼こもるらし夜の雪
takibi shite oni komoru rashi yoru no yuki

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. . . CLICK here for Photos !

- reference - buson yokai emaki-

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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #busonmonsterscroll #yosabusonyokaiemaki -
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