12/31/2018

Welcome

. Mingei - Japanese Folk Art - TOP .
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- Welcome to the Kappapedia !
河童 / 合羽 / かっぱ / カッパ - Kappa, the Water Goblin of Japan!
River Imp, Water Sprite, River Monster



My Yamashina Daruma and the Kappa Family

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- - - - - Kappa - - - - -
Kappa are supernatural creatures which live both on land and in water. They are as tall as a four or five year old child. They have a beak-like snout, and fins on their hands and feet. They also have a shell on their back, and a water-filled dish on their head. As long as the dish is full of water, kappa keep their supernatural powers. Kappa are known for dragging people into the water and pulling out their livers through their anuses.

Although kappa harm people sometimes, there are also many tales where they have helped people. They are very curious. They often appear in cartoons because of their lovable images.

Kappa love sumo wrestling and cucumbers. That is why cucumber sushi rolls are called "kappa maki". "Okappa" are bobbed hairstyles because they look like the kappa's hairstyles. Kappa are excellent swimmers.
There is a saying "Kappa no kawa nagare (a drowning kappa)" which means, even an expert can make mistakes sometimes.

. Japanese Ghosts and Ghost Stories 怪談 kaidan .



- Satori Kappa 悟り河童 and Dave Dick, Canada -


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- Check this index for the main features a Kappa can take!

. Kappapedia - ABC index .

. - Reference, Books and Links - .





Many types and more names of the kappa


. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 all kinds of Yokai monsters - .


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. Regional Folk Toys from Japan .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples .


. Tohoku after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011

#kappa #kappapedia #darumapedia #kawataro
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- Kappa by Hokusai -


- - - - - Good Bye ! - - - - -


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2/04/2018

kimon demon gate legends

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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kimon 鬼門の鬼伝説 Oni Demon Gate Legends

The north-east ushi-tora 丑寅 ox-tiger direction
is considered an un-auspicious region and needs protection from real and imagined enemies, fiends and demons.

. Kitamuki Fudo 北向き不動 and the Kimon direction .
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Why do Oni have horns ?

The explanation relates to the concept of
kimon 鬼門 Oni gate - Demon Gate
The zodiac animals associated with this 北東の方角 Northeastern region are
ushi-tora 丑寅 the bull and the tiger.
Oni are therefore usually depicted with bull horns and tiger fangs, wearing loincloths made of tiger skin.
(Tigers were not known in Japan.)
. tsuno 鬼の角 伝説 Oni Demon Legends about their horns .


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- quote -
Kimon, the "Demon Gate" 鬼門,
Chinese geomancy (Ch: feng shui), a system for determining auspicious or inauspicious placements and orientations of cities, temples, houses, and graves. In Chinese thought, the northeast quarter is considered to be particularly inauspicious. The northeast direction is known as the "demon gate," which can be loosely translated as the place where "demons gather and enter." This belief was imported by the Japanese and is referred to as Kimon (literally "Demon Gate").
Kimon generally means ominous direction, or taboo direction. In Japan, both the monkey and the fox are guardians against evil Kimon influences.
source : Mark Schumacher



Photo source : 神霊の思頼


. Konjin, Konjin Sama 金神, 金神様 deity of metal .



Kimon Konjin 鬼門金神
an itinerant deity who changes his main direction of activities.


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ura kimon, ura-kimon 裏鬼門 the "back" demon gate
in the south-west

kimon-sumi no nagaya 鬼門隅の長屋 Nagaya living quarters at the Kimon corner
. nagaya 長屋 / ながや row house, long house .
living quarters for the people in service of a lord


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

The outhouse toilet should never be placed in the Kimon direction of a house.
There are some trees that should never be planted in the Kimon direction of a house.
Others should be planted to bring good luck and avoid disaster.

A 汗穴 sweat pore is called Kimon. A Demon can use a 汗腺 sweat gland to invade a human body.

daiku no nyoobo 大工の女房 Legends about a carpenter making a mistake.



............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
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幡豆郡 Hazu district

A new house should not face the northern Kimon direction.
Never dig a hole in the Kimon direction beside a house.
Planting a sarusuberi さるすべり crape myrtle tree in the Kimon direction protects the house from burglars and other disaster.

. sarusuberi さるすべり / 百日紅 crape myrtle tree .
lit. "Even monkeys fall from trees! "


In 小原村 Obara village, planting a nashi 梨 Japanese pear tree in the Kimon direction prevents people from becoming ill.
. nashi 梨子 Japanese pear, Pyrus serotina .



............................................................................ Aomori 青森県
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三戸町 Sannohe

saru ishi, saru-ishi 猿石 "monkey stone"
At the estate of 足沢左十郎 Ashisawa Sajuro in Sannohe, the main building did not have a corner at the Kimon direction. Instead they had placed a stone, saru-ishi 猿石 of about 1 foot size. It was big enough for a monkes (saru - a pun with 去る to go away of bad luck). If a human touched this stone, he would be cursed, so people tried to avoid walking around this corner.





............................................................................ Gunma 群馬県
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沼田市 Numata

. kasha カシャ / 火車 Kasha Demon "burning chariot" .
and Kasha neko – The Corpse-Eating Cat Demon 火車猫
When the Kasha demon comes to get hold of a corpse, people shoot an arrow in the Kimon direction to drive it away.


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勢多郡 Seta district

. enju エンジュ / 槐 Japanese pagoda tree .
Planting an Enju tree in the Kimon direction will protect the home from fire and disaster.
enju is a play on words with long life, enju えんじゅ【延寿】.




............................................................................ Hyogo 兵庫県
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姫路市 Himeji

mawari konjin 廻り金神 Konjin coming around
A home should not be built in the direction of Kimon, Urakimon or the Konjin deity to avoid people living there from getting ill.





............................................................................ Kanagawa 神奈川県
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津久井郡 Tsukui district 藤野町 Fujino

鬼門へ向かって飛んだ首 the head flying in the Kimon direction
Once upon a time
a 大工 carpenter had cut three pillars too short and did not know what to do about it. His clever wive suggested to use kushigata クシガタ(枡形)(masugata) square boxes. He did as suggested and all seemed well at first. But the carpenter was worried that his wife tell about his mistake and cut her head off to keep her silent.
The head took off and flew away in the Kimon direction in no time.





............................................................................ Miyagi 宮城県

kamaemono, kamae-mono カマエモノ being cursed by the Kami deity
A local proverb says:
If you put dirty things in the Kimon direction of your house, you will be cursed by the Deity.




............................................................................ Miyazaki 宮崎県
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東臼杵郡 Higashi-Usuki district 北浦町 Kitaura

Konjin 金神 is seen as a protector deity of the Kimon direction.





............................................................................ Nagano 長野県

. kimon yoke no keyaki 鬼門除けのけやき .
The Zelkova tree between the Hachiman shrine and the Myojin Shrine is supposed to ward off evil. ...

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安曇野市 Azumino

o-inari sama お稲荷様 Inari Fox Deity
A kitooshi 祈とう師 Kitoshi shaman is called ニチレンサマ Nichiren sama in the local dialect.
There was once a family with many ill people and a lot of bad luck. So they asked a Shaman for help. He told them that their local sanctuary for Inari was in the Kimon direction and they should relocate it to the inui 戌亥 north-west direction.
They did it and since then all went well.

. Inari 稲荷 the "Fox Deity" .





............................................................................ Nagasaki 長崎県
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松浦市 Matsuura

ike no kimon 池の鬼門 Kimon of the Dragon Pond 龍が池
In the Dragon Pond lived daija 大蛇 a huge serpent. It had moved here after 為朝 Tametomo drove her away from 黒髪山 Kurokamisan.
Tametomo shot an arrow from this lake into the Kimon direction and it landed at the village 古野村 Konomura. There it stuck in the ground, became a bamboo grove and is still to be seen.
. Minamoto no Tametomo 源為朝 (1139 – 1170) .





............................................................................ Osaka 大阪府
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豊能郡 Toyono district

kimonburoo 鬼門風呂 bathtub in the Kimon direction
A bath tub and the bathroom should not be placed in the Kimon direction, because that will bring bad luck.





............................................................................ Saitama 埼玉県
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戸田市 Heda city

大工の女房 the wife of a carpenter
The story is similar to the one above from Tsukui.
But the wife now came back every night via the Kimon direction and appeared in the carpenter's dream to scare him. So he shot an arrow in the Kimon direction.
The 角材 squared timbers he cut after that all looked a bit like his wife.



............................................................................ Saga 佐賀県
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佐賀市 Saga city

kimon-sumi no nagaya 鬼門隅の長屋 long house at the Kimon corner
The estate of the Lord of Bizen (in Edo) seemed bewitched during the time he was living there. Fire pillars were seen in the garden, rain dripped into the kitchen and sometimes the whole house rumbled and shook in strange ways. The local people rejoiced when the Lord had to move out for his yearly stay in Edo.
And every day they held special fire rituals at the long house at the Kimon corner, often calling priests to perform the purifying rituals.




............................................................................ Shiga 滋賀県
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伊香郡 Ina district 西浅井町 Nishi-Asai

kimon 忌門 / キモン (another spelling, indicating the taboo direction)
When building a new home, people have to take good care of the direction.

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高島市 Takashima

ura kimon 裏鬼門 the "back" demon gate
Nothing should be grown in the Ura-Kimon direction of a home to avoid bad luck.





............................................................................ Shizuoka 静岡県
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田方郡 Tagata district 戸田村 Heda

Once upon a time
a 匠 carpenter had cut one pillar too short and did not know what to do about it. His clever wive suggested what do to about it. He did as suggested and all seemed well at first. But the carpenter was worried that his wife tell about his mistake and cut her head off to keep her silent.
The head took off and flew away in the Kimon direction in no time.
Later he made offerings in the Kimon direction to appease her soul.




............................................................................ Tokyo 東京都

The home in the estate of the venerable Honda Tadakatsu 本多忠勝 (1548 – 1610) had a fire on the first day of the New Year.
The mansion had been built with the Kimon taboos in mind. Just before the fire started, the pine decoration at the front gate showed a broken branch and three broken bamboo sticks.
That was really strange.

Honda Tadakatsu 本多忠勝 (1548 – 1610) - general of Tokugawa Ieyasu

. kadomatsu 門松 pine (decorations) at the gate .
- kigo for the New Year -

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To protect the Edo castle, 上野の寛永寺 the temple Kanei-Ji in Ueno was constructed in its Kimon direction.





............................................................................ Wakayama 和歌山県
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西牟婁郡 Nishi-Muro district 日置川町 Hikigawa

tamashi no yobimodoshi 魂のヨビモドシ calling back the soul
Once a man built his 便所 outhouse toilet in the Kimon dirextion, but he was cursed and died soon afterward.
But his voice came at night from the roof, asking to call him back. A carpenter came and dug under the outhouse and found the bones of a dead person. The family buried the bones properly. And the man came back to life.


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艮(うしとら) ushi-tora direction
auspicious directions were
乾(いぬい)inui, inu-i in the north-west
and 巽(たつみ)tatsumi, tstsu-mi in the south-east


- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

- - - - - More legends about
. Konjin, Konjin Sama 金神, 金神様 deity of metal .
Kimon Konjin 鬼門金神

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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- #kimon #demongate -
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1/06/2018

Tanzawa Mountains Oni Tengu

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Tanzawa 丹沢の鬼伝説 
Oni Demon Legends from the Tanzawa mountains




The Tanzawa Mountains (丹沢山地 Tanzawa-sanchi) are a mountain range in the Kantō region, in Japan.
It covers the northwestern part of Kanagawa Prefecture and touches the prefectural borders of Shizuoka Prefecture to the west and the Yamanashi Prefecture to the north.

Mount Hiru 1,673m (蛭ヶ岳 Hiru-ga-take)
Mount Fudō 1,614m (不動ノ峰 Fudō-no-mine)
Mount Hinokiboramaru 1,601m (檜洞丸 Hinokibora-maru)
Mount Tanzawa 1,567m (丹沢山 Tanzawa-san)
Mount Tō 1,491m (塔ノ岳 Tō-no-dake)
Mount Shindainichi 1,340m (新大日 Shin-dainichi)
Mount Ōyama 1,252m (大山 Ō-yama)

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. 大山の不動様、 Oyama no Fudo Myo-O .

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ヤビツ峠 Tanzawa, Yabitsu Toge pass (761 m high)
神奈川県秦野市 Kanagawa, Hadano
with a splendid view of Mount Fujisan




餓鬼道伝説 Legend of the Gakido realm of Hungry Demons


source : toki.moo.jp/gate-q... gate 041...

This pass used to be called gakidoo 餓鬼道 the Road of the Hungry Ghosts.
In former times, the warlords 武田信玄 Takeda Shingen and 北条氏康 Hojo Ujiyasu used to fight for this pass. Many of their soldiers did not get enough food and staved on the road.
Their hungry souls now haunt the place.
Even in our times,  people sometimes come and make food offerings in remembrance of the old days.

yabitsu 矢櫃 refers to the boxes and containers they used to keep the arrows.
The soldiers carried rather large quivers with arrows to last for a long war.



. 弓道 Japanese Archery - Introduction .

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Yabitsu Jinja 矢櫃神社 Yabitsu Shrine
Murotsu, Kaminoseki, Kumage District, Yamaguchi

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Onigatake, Onigadake 鬼ヶ岳
神奈川山北町と相模原市との境 - On the border of Yamakita and Sagamihara in Kanagawa.


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten...gate629...

There is a long slippery slope with a metal chain to hold on, but it is very difficult to climb. The two chains seem to get lost and invisible in the gas of the slope.

In former times it was called sennin no iwa 仙人の岩 Rock of the Mountain saints.
Seen from 蛭ヶ岳 Hirugatake, the two boulders look like the horns of an Oni.



鬼ヶ岩の頭


. 鬼ヶ岳 Onigadake, Onigatake / 鬼岳 Mountains with Demons .


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Tanzawa 丹沢の天狗伝説 
Tengu Legends from the Tanzawa mountains


. Saganboo, Saganbō or Sagamibō 相模坊 .
Tengu from 相模大山 Sagami Oyama
Mount Oyama in Tanzawa is famous for the Tengu mountain goblins.

Some huts for the forest workers get shaken badly if the Tengu is in a bad mood.

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. Sekison San 石尊山 Venerable Stone Deities .
sanctuaries for a stone Tengu.
The belief in Sekison San is known in the Tanzawa mountains, Oyama and at the 5th station of Mount Fujisan,

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 丹沢湖畔の川天狗 Lake Tanzawako and the Kawa Tengu
Lake Tanzawako was created due to construction of the Miho dam in 1978.


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten...gate 253...

Kawatengu are close to the Kappa water goblins and thus very special.
At lake Tanzawako is a stone memorial of such a Kawa Tenu. When the region came under water during the construction of the dam, the stone was removed and preserved.
神奈川県山北町 Kanagaea, Yamakita

One of the most famous Kawa Tengu (Mizu Tengu 水天狗 "Water Tengu" ) is
. Enkooboo 円光坊 Enko-Bo from Haguro San, .


. kawa tengu 川天狗 "river Tengu" - Introduction .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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Fudoo no mine, Fudō-no-mine 不動ノ峰
Mount Fudō, Fudo no Mine, Mount Fudonomine

1,614 m - 5295 ft



The first religious mountaineers in the Nara period used to climb in the Tanzawa mountains.
They prayed to Fudo Myo-O for safety and gave his name to one of the peaks.
This statue is still close to the peak.




source : diary.okutamawalker.com...


. Fudō Myō-ō 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O - Acala Vidyaraja .


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. - - - Join the Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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- #tanzawaoni #yabitsutoge #tanzawatengu #tengutanzawa #tanzawako #fudonomine -
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1/04/2018

Onigatake, Onitake mountains

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Onigadake, Onigatake 鬼ヶ岳 / Onidake, Onitake 鬼岳
Onigaoka 鬼が丘 / 鬼ヶ丘 "Deomon Hill"
Mountains with Demon names and legends




Mt. Onidake, a dormant volcano, almost naked, 315 meter
長崎県五島市 Nagasaki, Goto Islands

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- reference: Onidake onsen 鬼岳温泉 hot spring -

Onigadake Dam, Kamikozue, Yakage, Oda District, Okayama ・鬼ヶ岳ダム[岡山県

Mt. Onigadake

鬼が丘の龍神とメスアの話
栃木県真岡市鬼怒ケ丘
大阪府 羽曳野市 羽鬼が丘西
鬼ヶ丘の夕日


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Sumo wrestler (warrior) Onigadake Tetsuemon 鬼ヶ嶽鉄右衛門 


Utagawa Kuniyoshi - actor 中村芝翫 Nakamura Shikan

稲妻大蔵 Inazuma Taizo
Once upon a long time ago, in the village of 小栗村 Ogurimura in 諌早 Isahaya (長崎県 Nagasaki) there lived a farmer couple who did not have children.
They went to mount 八天嶽 Hattendake to pray. And then a Tengu came at night . . . well well, the woman got pregnant and bore a strong son.
The boy named Taizo became a strong Sumo wrestler. The Tengu trained him the best he could. Taizo won all the bouts in his village.
Taizo eventually went to Edo and nobody could defeat him. Taizo almost won against the strongest Sumo wrestler in Edo, 鬼ヶ岳 Onigadake, but Onigadake had asked him to let him win, so Taizo lost this one bout (and thus his Tengu power) and then all the other bouts after that and went home much ashamed.
Sometimes the villagers could hear a boulder (ゴットン石 Gotton Ishi) rumble at Mount Hattendake, where Taizo was practicing Sumo with al his former might. He could lift the boulder and carry it to the summit in no time.


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .



. sanki, yamaoni, yama-oni 山鬼の鬼伝説 Mountain Oni Demon .

. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami and 鬼 Oni Demons .



............................................................................ Kanagawa 神奈川県 

. Onigatake 鬼ヶ岳 .
神奈川山北町と相模原市との境 - On the border of Yamakita and Sagamihara in Kanagawa.




............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府  

. 鬼獄神社 Onitake Jinja / 鬼嶽稲荷神社 Onitake Inari Jinja .
Onidake Inari is a famous shrine in Oeyama mountain, where the head of Shuten Doji is burried.




............................................................................ Nara 奈良県  

. Onitorisan 鬼取山 "Mountain of capturing the Demons".
Zenki and Goki




............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県 

. Kukiyama 九鬼山 "Nine Demons Mountain" (Yamanashi) .
and the brave 桃太郎 Momotaro


. Misakayama Onigadake no Oni 御坂山 鬼ヶ岳の鬼 .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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12/14/2017

Kukiyama Yamanashi

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Kukiyama 九鬼山の鬼伝説 "Mountain with Nine Demons"
Legends from Yamanashi 山梨県




Mt. Kukiyama is one of Yamanashi’s 100 famous mountains. It is 970 m high.
The view via Kukiyama to Mount Fujisan is splendid.
The mountain is not so high and can be climbed in about 1 hour.


- - - - - More about the "nine demons" and
. Kuki shi 九鬼氏 the Kuki clan .


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. Kōshū Kaidō 甲州街道 Koshu Kaido Road .
The Highway from Edo via Kofu to Suwa


- reference source : free-age.jp/bridgestone-

There are various legends along the Koshu Kaido.
Even Momotaro, the Peach Boy, was here!
This story is basically fun with the pun words.
桃太郎伝説もある甲州街道

From the mountain in the North of the road, called 百蔵山 Momokurayama (momo 百 is a pun with momo 桃, the peach) the peach came rolling down the river. It was picked up at 鶴島 Tsurushima (Tsurukawa) in 上野原 Uenohara. From this peach Momotaro was born. When he grew up, he got his helpers, the dog from 犬目 Inume, the 雉 pheasant (bird) from 鳥沢 Torizawa and the monkey from 猿橋 Saruhashi.

They went to Mount 九鬼山 Kukiyama (Mountain of the nine demons) in 大月南方 Otsuki-South
and to Mount 岩殿山 Iwatonosan, Iwadonosan in 大月北方 Otsuki-North to drive away the demons.
One of the demons was wounded and bleeding, so now at the shrine 子神神社 Nenokami Jinja there can be found red soil, remains of the demon's blood.


- reference source : ymnco2.sakura.ne.jp/me/onitue -

The red soil, used for a stone wall in the shrine compound, had to be demolished in 2003 due to the danger of collapsing.

. Momotaroo 桃太郎 Momotaro the Peach Boy .


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Dōshi town 道志 - 九鬼山の伝説


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten.. gate 369...

Once upon a time there lived nine bad demons on Mount Kukiyama.
They stole the food and Sake from the villagers.
And then came Momotaro to drive them out, as told above.

kuki 九鬼, クキ is also written 久木, a geological term referring to a low mountain.


百蔵山 Momokurayama
is a mountain where the famous Yamanashi peaches are grown. It is about 1,003 m high.



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Another legend tells of the nine Demons having a quarrel among themselves and drove out some
Aka-Oni 赤鬼 Red Demons.
They fled and begun to live on 岩殿山 Mount Iwatonosan, 634 m.
Again they disturbed and pestered the farmers and eventually Momotaro came to get them. He killed them all and their blood tainted the earth around all red.
Their tears became the river 浅利川 Asarigawa, which eventually flows into the river 桂川 Katsuragawa.

Now it is a region famous for its cherry trees and azaleas.



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oni no tsue 鬼の杖 Bisquits of the staff of an Oni
flavored with sansho 山椒 "mountain pepper"
speciality from 大月市 Otsuki city






. sanshoo 山椒 "mountain pepper .
(Zanthoxylum piperitum)


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Misakayama Yamanashi Oni

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Misakayama 御坂山と鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends - Yamanashi
Mount Misakayama is 1,568 m high.
Kawaguchi, Fujikawaguchiko, Minami-Tsuru District, Yamanashi



Misaka Sanchi 御坂山地 Misaka mountain range
and lake Shoojikoo, Shōji 精進湖 Lake Shojiko, Lake Shoji
Lake Shōji is the one of the Fuji Five Lakes and located in southern Yamanashi Prefecture near Mount Fuji.
- photo - wikipedia -


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- quote -
Misaka Tooge 御坂峠 Misaka Toge Pass
is one of the great view spot of Mt.Fuji in Yamanashi Prefecture. It is 1310m high. There is great tea house called Tengachaya (天下茶屋) where you can eat great Hoto and drink green tea. Matsutake is also one of the famous menu in this tea house. There are couple of hiking courses reached the spot for view of Mt. Fuji. 
- source : mustlovejapan.com... -




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Misakayama Onigadake no Oni 御坂山 鬼ヶ岳の鬼


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten.. gate632...

Mount Onigadake has a rock on its top which looks like the tsuno 角 horn of an Oni.
In former times two wicked Oni used to live on this mountain.
The mountain priest 役行者 En no Gyoja banned these two with a special paralyzing spell, 不動金縛り Fudo no Kanashibari. They could not move any more and eventually became aware of their bad deeds.
The demons changed their ways and became famous disciples of En no Gyoja:
. Zenki 前鬼 and his wife Goki 後鬼 .



The legends about En no Gyoja and the two demons, Zenki and Goki are told in many mountain regions of Japan.

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. Onigatake 鬼ヶ岳 Onigadake /鬼ヶ岩の頭 .
丹沢の鬼伝説 - Oni Demon Legends from the Tanzawa mountains


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県
東八代郡 Higashi-Yatsushiro district 御坂町 Misakacho

At the graveyard, a bluish fire-light was seen every night. The villagers were afraid, thinking it was the soul of a villager and did not even dare to pass the road during daytime.
玉吉 Tamakichi wanted to see it for himself and went out one evening, carrying 地神の魂の扇 a hand fan with the soul of the Jigami in one hand. When he reached the graveyard, he could see the bluish light. While fanning with his hand fan he went closer. The ground of the grave was still fresh so Tamakich started to dig, found the coffin bound with a cord and pulled it up.
But it was not a coffin but a hookei 包茎 (the dictionary says: a phallus with phimosis).

. chijin 地神 Kami of the Earth / the Land .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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12/12/2017

Todaiki Candlestick Oni

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toodaiki, toodai ki 灯台鬼 Demon with a candlestick 


鳥山石燕 Toriyama Sekien


- quote -
Tōdaiki “spirit candlestick”
... According to Sekien, long ago, a government minister named Karu no Daijin was sent on a mission to Tang China. This was a period of great movement of culture and ideas between China and Japan, so nothing is strange about that. However, when the envoy failed to return to Japan long after they were overdue, the minister’s son, Hitsu no Saishō, began to worry.

Hitsu no Saishō traveled to China to search for his missing father. He traveled far and wide, and in one particular location he came across something he had never seen before: a tōdaiki — a candlestick fashioned out of a living human being! By some combination of strange drugs and sorcery, the man’s ability to speak had been removed. His body was covered in tattoos, and a large candle had been placed in his head. He had been installed on a fancy little stand like a piece of furniture.

As Hitsu no Saishō looked in puzzlement at the strange sight, the human candlestick began to shed tears. Unable to speak, the man bit into he tip of his finger until it began to bleed. He scrawled out a few characters in his own blood. Upon reading them, Hitsu no Saishō realized in horror: the tōdaiki was his own father who he had come to China to search for!



The people involved in this story are real.
Hitsu no Saishō was the nickname of Fujiwara no Arikuni, a Heian period noble who lived from 943-1011 CE. Although the story about the tōdaiki is a fabrication, it’s an interesting example of where fact and folklore intersect. Because this early urban legend involved real people who were well known to educated readers, it gives the story much more weight.
- source : matthew meyer -

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藤原有国 Fujiwara no Arikuni (943 – 1011)


南条範夫 Nanjo Norio
How he found the ningen toodai 人間燈台 "human candlestick"

- quote -
The Sudden Death of Fujiwara no Sukemichi, his Son Arikuni's handling of the Death Rites;
The Debate at Emma's Palace
- Religions of Japan in Practice -- By George Joji Tanabe
- source : books.google.co.jp -


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鬼百合や蛍火とぼす灯台鬼
oniyuri ya hotarubi tobosu toodaiki

tiger lily -
a candlestick demon glows
like a firefly



- On a summer evening, the tiger lilies in the late sunshine glow almost like candlestick demons.

. Kitamura Kigin 北村季吟 . (1625 - 1705)

. oniyuri 鬼百合 tiger lily, "demon lily" .
Lilium lancifolium - kigo

. hotarubi 蛍火(ほたるび) firefly glow .
kigo for mid-summer




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- reference - 灯台鬼 -

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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