9/14/2017

Odakemaru and Tamuramaro Iwate

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Oodakemaru 大嶽丸・大竹丸・大武丸・大猛丸 Odakemaru / Ootakemaru オオタケマル Otakemaru and
Sakanoue no Tamuramaro 坂上田村麻呂 - 岩手県 Iwate


. Sakanoue no Tamuramaro 坂上田村麻呂 (758 - 811) .

Odakemaru is another name for
Aterui アテルイ / 悪路王 Akuro-O / Acro-O 阿弖流爲 (? - 802)
He was the leader of the Emishi in Iwate. He was venerated as Kijin 鬼神大猛丸 the Demon God Odakemaru.

Mount 岩手山 Iwatesan is also called 岩手富士 the Fuji of Iwate.
Once there lived a very strong Oni named Odakemaru, who put his hand on a rock to make an impression (iwate 岩手 "rock hand").
On the Southern side of Mount Iwatesan there are still the remains of the palace of this Oni, in the form of ridge 屏風岩 "cliff like a folding screen" named
Onigajo 鬼ヶ城 "Castle of the Oni".




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At the shrine 岩手山神社 Iwatesan Jinja
the deity is venerated as
岩鷲権現(がんじゅごんげん)Ganju Gongen, 田村権現 Tamura Gongen or 田村大明神 Tamura Daimyojin.
He is venerated at the stone formation 獅子頭石 Eboshi Rock.



The mountain ridge Onigajo was the realm of 大猛丸 Odakemaru, who was also known in the region as
Akagashira no Takamaru 赤頭の高丸.

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- reference source : toki.moo.jp/inaka-jo/03kijin... -


. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

............................................................................ Iwate 岩手県

Once upon a time, the area around 岩手山 Mount Iwatesan belonged to an Oni named 大猛丸 Odakemaru.
In the year 797, Sakanoue no Tamuramaro was sent to drive him out, but he hid in the mist of the deep mountain and lived in his castle, 鬼ケ城 / 鬼ヶ城 Onigajo.
Tamuramaro waited until the mist had dispersed, came to fight with him, drove him all the way to 八幡平 Hachimantai and finally killed him.

Ootakemaru 大武丸 Otakemaru and Onigajo 鬼ケ城 castle
Onigajo at mount Iwatesan is a cave where the demon 大武丸 Otakemaru lived with his disciple demons. He could command the weather and the clouds in the sky, even provoke storms and the people dreaded these demons.
Tamuramaro killed most of the demons, but some fled in the direction of 閉伊郡 the Hei district.
The last one to survive was an Oni with one eye, a messenger of 権現様 Gongen Sama. It was the job of this Oni to clean the mountain after humans had visited the top.

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Odakemaru 大竹丸 Otakemaru

A beautiful female demon named Tateeboshi 立烏帽子 Lady Tate Eboshi was the wife of 鬼神 the Demon King Odakemaru.
- タテエボシ / タチエボシ Tachieboshi, Tachi-Eboshi



She wanted to make 葦原の国 the province of Ashihara in Hyogo a "Land of the Demons". So she came down to earth at 鈴鹿 Suzuka (Mie).
Then she wanted to become the wife of Odakemaru to continued her evil life and sent him a letter. But he did not answer. Eventually she became his wife, but soon
Tamuramaro had a fight with her husband and herself,
Now the Devil Lady fell in love with Tamuramaro and became his wife, mending her bad ways. She later helped her human husband to drive out the demons
悪事高丸 Takamaru and 大谷丸 Otanimaru.

Aguro-Oo 阿黒王 King Aguro-O
Tate-Eboshi caused a lot of damage at 鈴鹿山 Suzukayama, a mountain range in Mie prefecture.
To become the wife of a man named 利成 Toshinari, she had him kill her Demon Husband Aguro-O.

Tachieboshi snatched the wife of Tamuramaro, but later got enlightenment by the Kannon Bosatsu from 清水寺 Kiyomizu Temple in Mie 三重県.


. eboshi 烏帽子 cloth cap, officials hat .
The tate-eboshi was worn by high ranking court nobles.


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花巻市 Ishinomaki

Maoomaru 魔王丸 Ma-O-Maru and the Oniyashiki 鬼屋敷 Oni Yashiki quarters
The demon Ma-O-Maru lived in a place called Oni-Yashiki. After Tamuramaro had killed him and cut off his head, he washed his sword in a place now called
洗い田 Senda.

- and a legend from Miyagi about the Oni Yashiki

番二番三郎 Banji and Bansaburo
At the time they were becoming disciples of Jikaku Daishi, there lived an Oni in the region. Banji shot an arrow from the top of 二口峠 Futakuchi Pass and killed the Oni.

Jikaku Daishi Ennin 慈覚大師仁円 (793-864)
He made Banji and Banzaburo his disciples.
. the hunters 万二万三郎 Banji and Banzaburo .


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気仙郡 Kesen district

. oni no kiba 鬼の牙 demon teeth .
Here the boss of the native 蝦夷 Emishi group was called 赤頭 Akagashira - "Red Head".
When Sakanoue no Tamuramaro drove out the demon, the teeth of this Oni remained.

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達谷窟毘沙門堂 Takkoku no Iwaya Bishamon-Do
Akuro-O the leader of the Emishi was living in this cavern and while he was doing much harm, Tamuramaro asked help from Bishamonten and finally subjugated him.
Tamuramaro dedicated this hall after his victory over the Emishi, to appease their souls
Originally there were 108 statues of Bishamon, now 33 are still there, which are shown once every 33 years.
平泉 Hiraizumi

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
40 to explore 坂上田村麻呂 (04)

- reference source : toki.moo.jp/inaka-jo/03kijin... -


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Hitokabemaru 人首丸


source : dostoev.exblog.jp...
oni no hi 鬼の碑 memorial stone of the Oni Hitokabemaru
oni no kooshintoo 鬼の庚申塔 Oni no Koshin-To stone


種山高原には、かって坂上田村麻呂が陣を構えエミシと相対したという伝承がある。またその峰伝いにには、大森山があり、その頂で人首丸が討ち取られたとして、その人首丸の墓石がある。種山から大森山は、朝廷側にとって鬼の巣食う山々であった。
This memorial stone is one of the 七庚申, when the day of Koshin happens 7 times in a year, to bring bad luck.
In the old scripts is a mention
”庚申年には蝦夷の反乱が起こる”In the year of Koshin there will be a rebellion of the Emishi!"

. kooshin 庚申 day of the monkey and the element metal .


宮沢賢治「春と修羅」
- reference source : kntn.biz/kwch-lit/hitokabe -


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