1/20/2015

monkey enko

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- KAPPA - 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - animals -
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- monkey - enkoo, enkō 猿猴 / 猿 saru -

- - - - - monkey-related names of the 河童 kappa 猿猴系

honkoo ホンコウ Honko
yunkosan ユンコサン
engozaru 、エンゴザル
Kawazaru, kawa no saru 川猿 "river monkey"




CLICK for more photos of the kawazaru !

Some monsters have a body of mixed animals, only with the head of a monkey.

One theory about the evolvement of the Kappa:

from a suiko and monkey スイコ×サルの系統


. Different types of Kappa .

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Lafcadio Hearn calls the kappa the "ape of the waters"
source : books.google.co.jp
Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan, Volume 2



. - Tanushimaru 田主丸 Fukuoka - .  
猿猴河童 Enko Kappa and Son Goku 孫悟空, the Monkey King from Saiyuki 西遊記 - the Travel to India via China
the 九千坊 Kyusenbo clan in Kyushu and how it was defeated by a monkey army
(Monkeys can see a kappa, even if he is invisible to the human eye).


. bamboo shoots 筍 / 竹の子 伝説 takenoko densetsu and Kappa Legends .

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Let us live together in peace ! 平和に暮らそう
- source : blue-bee.blog

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- quote
Some say the Kappa descended from Chinese monkeys, most notably the writer Yanagida Kunio (1875-1962), the author of Tono Monogatari 遠野物語 (Legends of Tono). Yanagida is considered by most to be the father of Japanese folklore study, so his opinion carries weight. When comparing the different names used by different localities to describe the Kappa (e.g., Kawataroo, Gataroo, Kawako), Yanagida discovered that some areas in Japan refer to the Kappa as Enkō 猿猴 (also spelled Enko), the term for “monkey.” Enkō appears in a famous Buddhist parable from China called Yuanhou Zhuyue (Japanese = Enkō Sokugetsu 猿猴捉月). In this famous story, a group of monkeys attempt to catch the moon’s reflection, but all are drowned in the effort.

- The Enkō Sokugetsu Story as Quoted by JAANUS -
One night a monkey chieftain saw the bright reflection of the moon in the water below his tree. Thinking that the moon had died and fallen into the water, and fearing that the world would thus slip into darkness, the monkey called together his underlings and commanded them to join tails and together pull the moon out of the water. However, when the monkeys attempted this task, their combined weight was too great, the branch broke, and they fell into the water and drowned. One simple moral of the story is not to recklessly attempt impossible tasks. On a more philosophical level, the image of the monkey attempting to grasp a reflection of the moon is a metaphor for the unenlightened mind deluded by mere appearances. The theme was often depicted in ink painting, usually featuring long-armed spider monkeys.
The screen paintings by Shikibu 式部 (16c; Kyoto National Museum) and Hasegawa Touhaku 長谷川等伯 (1539-1610; screen painting at Konchiin 金地院, Kyoto), are representative.
- end JAANUS quote -



enkōzu 猿猴図 monkey reaching for the moon

There are many more indications of the monkey connection.
In Tono Town itself, the Sarukaishi River (literally “Monkey Stone River”) flows through the town’s southern section.
In Geishu City, Hiroshima Prefecture, the locals say a monster named Kawazaru 川猿  (lit. River Monkey) lives in the waters there, attacking both men and animals. The monster is said to possess the power of 100 men, but its power evaporates if the water atop its saucer-like head is spilled.
- source : Mark Schumacher




Hasegawa Tōhaku 長谷川等伯 Hasegawa Tohaku (1539 - 1610) painter
and a deforme of his famous monkey


source : ニヤッとする話
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. hyoosubo ヒョウスボ カッパ /兵主坊 Hyosubo Kappa .

- - - - - Miyasaki prefecture 宮崎県

If you hang the arm of a monkey in the horse barn, it will prevent the Hyosubo from coming in. The monkey is stronger than the kappa Yosubo, even in water. Hyosubo usually come at night to pester the horses. When a horse has been exposed to this, it will be all over in sweat the next morning and not come to rest any more.
- source : nichibun.ac.jp


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saru hiki koma 猿曳駒 monkey (kappa) leading a horse
which is in fact a kappa leading the horse in the Tono Monogatari
from Tono Hayachine Jinja 遠野早池峰神社
- source : dostoev.exblog.jp

. - Tono Monogatari 遠野物語 Legends of Tono, Iwate - .


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. - Genta and the Kappa  源太様 と河童 - .
Saga prefecture 佐賀県

. . . . . The horrid monster had a turtle’s shell and beak, a monkey’s face and the arms and legs of a frog His servant seemed to be under the monster’s spell and was pouring water into a depression on its head. The more water the servant poured in, the stronger the kappa became.

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. . . CLICK here for Photos - kawazaru !

- reference kawzaru -




© PHOTO : だるまさん色々


. Monkey and Daruma - Monkey as a kigo for haiku .
- Introduction -

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. - - - Join my Kappa friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

- #kappamonkey #enko #kappaenko-
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